Himalaya: A Biodiversity Hotspot!!

The Himalaya Hotspot is home to the worl
d’s highest mountains, including Mt. Everest. The mountains rise abruptly, resulting in a diversity of ecosystems that range from alluvial grasslands and subtropical broadleaf forests to alpine meadows above the tree line. Vascular plants have even been recorded at more than 6,000 meters. The hotspot is home to important populations of numerous large birds and mammals, including vultures, tigers, elephants, rhinos and wild water buffalo.
Hotspot Original Extent (km 2) 741,706
Hotspot Vegetation Remaining (km 2) 185,427
Endemic Plant Species 3,160
Endemic Threatened Birds 8
Endemic Threatened Mammals 4
Endemic Threatened Amphibians 4
Extinct Speciesâ? 0
Human Population Density (people/km 2) 123
Area Protected (km 2) 112,578
Area Protected (km 2) in Categories I-IV* 77,739

Recorded extinctions since 1500. *Categories I-IV afford higher levels of protection.

overview Stretching in an arc over 3,000 kilometers of northern Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan and the northwestern and northeastern states of India, the Himalaya hotspot includes all of the worldâ??s mountain peaks higher than 8,000 meters. This includes the worldâ??s highest mountain, Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) as well as several of the worldâ??s deepest river gorges. This immense mountain range, which covers nearly 750,000 km², has been divided into two regions: the Eastern Himalaya, which covers parts of Nepal, Bhutan, the northeast Indian states of West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, and Arunachal Pradesh, southeast Tibet (China), and northern Myanmar; and the Western Himalaya, covering the Kumaon-Garhwal, northwest Kashmir, and northern Pakistan. While these divisions are largely artificial, the deep defile carved by the antecedent Kali Gandaki River between the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri mountains has been an effective dispersal barrier to many species. The abrupt rise of the Himalayan Mountains from less than 500 meters to more than 8,000 meters results in a diversity of ecosystems that range, in only a couple of hundred kilometers, from alluvial grasslands (among the tallest in the world) and subtropical broad leaf forests along the foothills to temperate broad leaf forests in the mid hills, mixed conifer and conifer forests in the higher hills, and alpine meadows above the treeline.

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About Rashid Faridi

I am Rashid Aziz Faridi ,Writer, Teacher and a Voracious Reader.
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2 Responses to Himalaya: A Biodiversity Hotspot!!

  1. Pingback: Sneezing monkey, Walking Fish and a Jewel-like Snake amongst 200 new Species found in Hilmalayas | Rashid's Blog

  2. Pingback: Bugyals: Enchanting Indian Meadows | Rashid's Blog

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