Future City Plan by Toiba Gulnaz


In this assignment, the main focus is to show the creativity in developing the plan for the future city. The main idea is to show what our future cities would consist, where they might develop, and what will be the occupation of the population residing in these cities. It is said that by 2050 about seventy-five percent of the population will live in cities. As urban communities grow, cities will need to find new ways to become smarter. Our assignment is to show a glimpse of future cities and the innovative solutions that are helping them. There many futuristic urban visions which had been dreamed up by many artists, architects and other creative voices these city concepts span from garden bridges to self-contained biospheres.

City concepts : There are many concepts for the future city given by different planner. Some of them are given as follows :

(i) The Seasteading Institute’s Floating Cities :

            Negotiations for this project are currently underway, and the very first floating city could be unveiled as early as 2020. It would ensure sustainability and wll reliance on clean energy sources.

“It is a self-contained community that floats on water…. And exists entirely off the grid”.

(ii) Sub-Biosphere 2:

            Water is not just a one-time solution to urban over-crowding. It’s an idea that’s also driven innovator Phil Pauley’s sub-Biosphere 2, which is envisioned as a fully self-contained community that floats on the water’s surface during good weather….. and goes submarine when the waves get rough.


(iii) Paris Smart City 2050:

            Envisioning what the world’s best known cities will look like in 2050 is always a fun game, the future projection of Paris is well…. Pretty impressive. Belgian architect Vincent Callebaut is behind the concept, which imagines antismog towers with de-polluting properties, photosynthesis towers covered in algae, and vertical farming oriented “farmscrapers”.

(iv) Beijing 2050 :

            Beijing is also taken up for the transformation into a future city (smart). Though the city is frequently in the news for its smog problems, the architects have reimagined the Chinese capital as a decidedly greener place. We are particularly obsessed with these gleaming, elevated gardens.

(v) Garden Bridge, London :

            It’s great to see how many of these futuristic city concepts are focused on bringing more greenery into the urban setting and London’s Garden Bridge is no exception. A thames Spanning Walkway filled with pretty foliage, the proposed project has received planning permissions and is stated to open up as early as 2018.

(vi) OASIS :

            Ever wanted to live in a tree house? What about a house that’s also a tree? The plan envisions abodes that are inspired by and effectively function as trees. They are oxygen producing, sustainable, off-grid …. and pretty, too.

(vii) Paris of the Future :

            Created by illustrator Paul Cadeisson, this stunning vision of a futuristic Paris is awesome and spooky all at once. A cheery bistro is one of the only indications of the Paris we know; otherwise, industrial, high-tech design seems to have taken over.

Main Focus in the Future City:

  • To have more and more greenery.
  • To develop settlements in the water.
  • To minimize congestion
  • To reduce traffic i.e. by constructing flyovers.
  • To reduce pollution
  • To cope up with the issue of environmental degradation
  • To tackle the issue of unsustainable consumptions patterns, environmental degradation, and persistent inequity are which are only a few of the issues that afflict modern cities.

Conclusion :

            Thus we can say that through this assignment we have broadened our horizon of the mind that the cities could be established in the ocean and also the main focus in the cities of the future will be on the Greenery of the places. We also came to know about the sub-Biosphere 2 of the innovator Phil Pauley’s which is a self-contained community that floats on the water surface during good weather …. And goes submarine during the waves storm.


Posted in Class Assignments M.Sc. Geography 2017-19 AMU, Aligarh, earth, urban morphology, Urban Studies | Leave a comment

Improve The Lives

Orlando Espinosa

One of the best ways to find happiness, fulfillment, a sense of purpose, and a sense of belonging is to try to help improve the lives of others. Impact the life of others the way you live your life!

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Future City Vision of Sufia Khan

Future City – My Vision of Future City

“How can we plan or design a city better place. Future city is our imagination city”.

            Future city is a conceptualized plotted development which promises great harmony, place and social existence for a better future and should be eco-friendly and fully developed community township.

            Today, a challenge that every city is facing is to best deliver the resources and services needed to ensure a thriving population and good economic performance.

            Before planning a city we should know the location, topography and climate of that area.

            My future city should be free from the problems of overpopulation, congestion, sanitation, traffic, roads, drainage system, transportation, communication, pollution, environmental problems and governance system.

Future City Agenda :

  • Why do cities need to change
  • Future city infrastructure
  • Future city communication
  • Future city transportation
  • Future city population
  • Future city pollution
  • Future city environmental problems
  • Future city Governance system
  • Future city food resources
  • Future city energy

Why do future cities need to change ?

  • The urban population is expected to double by 2050, i.e. an additional 3.5 billion city inhabitants.
  • By the year 2050, nearly 80% of the earth population will reside in urban centres.
  • The 3.5 billion additional citizens will consume more, generate more pollution, and cause further damage to our stressed ecosystems.

Infrastructure :

        First, there should be good, helpful and useful arrangement or patterns of houses, hospitals, schools, ATM roads and parks and drainage system.

        One important component is the shift from single-function to multifunctional infrastructure. Past designs solved one particular problem but our future cities will allow and serve many interests. Future infrastructure designs will need to be anticipatory and proactive to be truly sustainable. Infrastructure designs will not only have to anticipate short term, local conditions, but long term. After sandy and Katrina, for example, solutions were focused on future sea level rise driven by climate change and the infrastructures necessary to protect these cities from future flooding. Earthquake resistant houses in that areas. It is estimated that, in future there will be more problems of space, so sky scrappers buildings and floating houses are important and vertical gardens and green buildings will make the environment fresh and beautiful. Industry should be far away from the settlement.

Communication and Transportation :

        Almost every developing countries and in India, almost every city is facing the problems of the transportation system and traffic congestion. There will be a very good system of public transportation and instead of a personal car, people should traveling by public buses which causes less traffic and less pollution (air, noise). There will be  king road which connected every areas and flyover in congested areas. Cities will have dedicated bike lanes. In future there should be self-driven taxis, taxi services will be much more userfriendly and taxis will be hybrid solar electric powered.

        Cities can develop advanced traffic management systems, including traffic cameras, variable message signs, traffic detectors, weather stations, traffic website, online ticket booking and mobile apps to improve urban transport.

Environmental Problems and Pollution :

        A 1% increase in national urban growth income creates 0.69% increase in municipal solid waste amount. To manage this waste growth, remarkable changes to waste composition must be made. Existing open dumps must be replaced with smart waste management systems. The future city waste management structure will be completely overhauled in include very complex recycling processes, for example waste water recycling, garbage recycling processes. Future city should be free from air, water and noise pollution.

        Artificial trees to scrub the air, many metropolises lack green spaces. As a result of the cities, air quality also declines, artificial trees filters dust and other pollutants from the air.

Food resources :

        Today, over 800 million wet, is committed to soil-based agriculture, or about 38% of the total landmass of the earth. It is predicted that over the next 50 years, the human population will require an additional 109 hectare To feed them using current technologies 109 hectares of new land (about 20% more land than is represented by the country of Brazil) will be needed to grow enough food to feed them.

        ‘Future city food will come from highly efficient, and highly automated localized organic vertical farming’.

        Use of more crop rotation, highly mechanized farming and good quality of fertilizers and machineries, easily supply of water and more important is that reduce food waste.

Energy System

  1. Intelligent closed loop energy systems.
  • Smart grids – electric grids that operate on supply and demand systems.
  • Smart appliances
  • Smart residences and buildings
  • Peak energy demands will be automated to run during hours of the day.
  1. Maximising energy reuse –
  • Cities need to establish strong policies and standards to develop sustainable urban reusable energy systems.
  • Governments need to promote research, innovation, and the adoption of greener technologies.
  1. Lowering energy consumption and waste –
  • Change has to come from the end users – residents and industries.
  • Consumption and recycling habits need to change.
  • Use of solar energy and in future energy will generate from the garbage and waste materials.
  • According to the UNEP, cities account for 70% of the world’s energy use, and this is rapidly increasing.

People and Government : Social responsibility changes will be required and will become the norm –

  • Environmental protection
  • Supporting and fostering green economics
  • Recycling
  • Safety
  • Focus on smart and manageable growth

Government support and manageable growth

  • The people and individual organization will not be able to create the new structural reforms and systems to manage the growth of the cities.

Democracy is considered the best form of government because the rulers are elected by the people for the people and also elected to the people, but now a days these systems are also not working ‘free and fair’. According to me in future there should be no any fixed government for a fixed period of time.

Future Cities of Imagination

These cities span from the garden bridges to self-contained biosphere.

  1. Floating Cities: A self-contained community that floats on water.
  2. Paris Smart City 2050: This projection of Paris is pretty and impressive. Belgian architect, which imagines antismog towers with de-polluting properties, photosynthesis towers covered in algae and vertical farming oriented ‘Farmscrapers’.
  3. Sub-Biosphere 2: Sub-biosphere 2, which is envisioned as a fully self-contained community that floats on the water’s surface during good weather and goes submarine when the waves get rough.
  4. Beijing 2050: The architects have reimagined the Chinese capital as a decidedly greener place.
  5. Garden Bridge London: London’s Garden Bridge is focused on bringing more greenery. A Thames-Spanning walkway filled with pretty foliage.
  6. Oasis: One of the coolest city concepts, the plan envisions abodes that are inspired by and effectively function as trees. They are oxygen free producing, sustainable, off-grid and pretty too.
  7. Paris of the future : Created by illustrator Paul Chadrisson, this stunning vision of a futuristic Paris is awesome and spooky all at once.
  8. Vertical Forest : The vertical forest, proposed and created by Milanese architectural studio Stefano is an example of a futuristic, super-green project that has actually made it into the real world.

        The smart cities concepts have gained a lot of attention lately and it will most likely continue to do so in the future.

        Smart technologies can provide solutions for cities by helping them save money, reduce carbon emissions and manage traffic flows.

        Most of the plans for the future city or smart city are planned mainly in developed countries like U.S., U.K., U.A.E., Japan and also in China.

                Future city is one imaginary city but it also will become the need of future.

Posted in Class Assignments M.Sc. Geography 2017-19 AMU, Aligarh, earth, opinions, urban morphology, Urban Studies, vision | Leave a comment

Future City Idea by Sharda Kouser

            In the foreseeable future, our cities will grow in number and size, and so will the problem’s they’re faced with. A review recently published in Future Cities and environment describe’s the exciting innovation’s already being introduced in cities (to cope with these problems) as well as those which could become reality in the near future.

            The development will not only have positive but also negative effects. Problems that are already visible today – like land and food shortages, heavy traffic loads, urban global warming and air pollution to name a few will worsen in the future.

By 2050, 66% of the world’s population will live in urban areas and our cities will increase both in number and size, according to the U.N. Report.

Problems :

  1. Pollution
  2. Shortage of land by increasing population.
  • Shortage of food.
  1. Global warming
  2. Buying a house next to impossible.
  3. People spend more time traveling and by traveling, we mean from home to work and back.
  • The country becomes more plastic less natural
  • Water scarcity
  1. Other problems in the context of crimes like robberies, rapes, murder’s will takes place by 2050.

Will Our Cities be Pollution Free?

Let us talk about that but I don’t think so ……

Air pollution is one of the most important factors that can affect the quality of citizens life in the urban environment. Consequently, monitoring air pollution is currently a critical issue that needs to be addressed for enhancing the well being of citizens. Today there is an increasing concern of citizens and city administration on air pollution because of its possible significant impact on human health.

By 2050 pollution of any type (air, water, soil pollution) will increase at a higher level and unable to bear. Today world cities negatively affected by pollution that significantly deteriorates the quality of life of dweller’s. Air quality can vary over time across different areas of the city and it is also influenced by different factor’s such as weather conditions (e.g. humidity, temperature and atmospheric pressure, human activities (e.g. traffic flows, people’s mobility) provided services and the presence of points of interest in urban areas.

With the evolution of mobile communication protocol and sensing technologies, innovative sensor’s have been developed to monitor a wide range of pollutants, thus evaluating air quality.

The toxins in the air are invisible, they continue to choke us each day. Nearly 95,00 people die each year in London because they are exposed to the toxic gas nitrogen dioxide (NO2).

According to a study by King’s College London, the situation around the world from New York to Delhi to Beijing is no better.

The key problem is the commercial and residential building sector’s output, which accounts for 39% of annual CO2 emissions in the U.S. According to a report transport sector generates 33% of CO2 emission.

Some of the polluted cities of the world are as follows.

What will they become in 2050 if they are not taken into consideration? Out of the 10 largest polluted cities, 9 are in India.

  1. Kanpur
  2. Faridabad
  3. Varanasi
  4. Gaya
  5. Patna
  6. Delhi
  7. Lucknow
  8. Bamend (Cameroon)
  9. Agra
  10. Muzaffarpur

Pollution Prevention for Future

Environment sustainability implies meeting our current needs without jeopardizing the right and ability of future generation to meet their’s

  • To reduce the production of waste’s and use of toxic materials, to prevent soil water and air pollution.
  • To conserve and reuse resources as feasible.

With increasing population pollution has become a great concern. With the comprehensive pollution programmes for its prevention, most of the pollution can be reduced.

Best way to deal with pollution is to prevent it from being created in the first place. Understanding how waste is produced and how it can be minimized.

Fundamental ideas of prevention rather than fixing problems are essential for efficient viable manufacturing, providing services and addressing many environmental problems.

Our responsibility is to utilize our knowledge to take actions that are protective of human health and the environment.

Reducing short-lived climate pollutants for climate change mitigation.

Posted in Class Assignments M.Sc. Geography 2017-19 AMU, Aligarh, earth, opinions, urban morphology, Urban Studies, vision | Leave a comment