Happy Independence Day, India:Lets be free of our Brakes

featureimageHappy Independence Day

Lets be free of our Brakes

Lets be free of





Gender Discrimination


Female Illiteracy


Policy Paralysis

May our Flag Fly High

Lets  create hope

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Basic Approaches to Study of Settlement Geography

Each subject has a need of systematic rules, methods, techniques & system for appropriate and scientific study. These methodology are known as approaches

There are two popular approaches in settlement geography according to Hartshorne are:

1.Systematic      2. Regional
Dickinson express the settlement geography in the terms of  Structure, Process and Stage Three important approaches are:

Genetic Approaches:

·      Works on the basis of historical processes
·         Supported and influence by historical perspective, archaeological and geographers and commonly applied in the study of settlement geography.
·         Proper investigation of documents, place names etc.
·         Comprehensive understanding of individual characteristics in relation to the surrounding subsystem.
Deals with genetic progression that is past, present, and future of the settlement this approaches are

Retrogressive:- By Bloch:-focuses on or upon the past evidences & are also concern with present pattern of settlement.

Retrospective:-Focuses upon the present the past conditions regarding settlements being considered for better understanding of the existing state.

Prospective:-it concern with future but the past and present are consider as a relict features for future probability need.

Spatial / Regional Approaches:

This approach was  introduce by Ratzel. This approach is basically related to patterns and processes by considering man-environmental relationship.
This approach have system and sub systems, analysis through which several aspects of settlement-like:- types, pattern, classification, functional integration & rank local identity, planning & rationalization, site, situation….
This approach the interrelationship of man-nature-society – is better expressed in any cultural landscape.
Analysis of patterns and process they express the spatial organizations in environmental space.
Consideration for the spatial analysis several techniques Like- nearest neighbor analysis method of dispersion concentration, land model, functional analysis method etc.
From place to place of region to region all over the world such differences in settlement are due to spatial differences of their environment.

   Ecological / Environmental Approach:-
From ecological point of view which applied to explain the processes of change in human behavior & settlement over time. Hudson, has expected this approach form understanding and describing the setting process in human settlement having three phases.

  •  Behavioral differences shows regional variation.
  • The approach is very fundamental in understanding man-environmental intere-relationship.
  • The trial settlement have a proper adoption of available environment several traditions, festivals, functions etc.
  • Nearest neighbor analysis has been widely used for studying the concentration and dispersion of settlement
    Therefore, this approach explains the man environment adaptation over the region.


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The fight against fraud in peer review

We’ve all heard about fake news. Now we have deceptive scholarship. Derek Pyne, a Thompson Rivers University economist, is among the global academics determined to expose deceptive academic journals, sometimes at a risk to their careers. A determined B.C. economics professor has journeyed into the heart of a dark world where academics seeking to advance their…

via The fight against fraud in peer review — Watts Up With That?

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Settlement Geography : Subject Matter

settlement is an existence of occupancy for shelter where people live. Settlement is man’s structural transformation towards application to his environment.The study of settlements is largely a product of the twentieth century. A settlement is man’s first step towards adaptation to his environment. Settlement designates an organised colony of human beings, together with their residences and other buildings (shops, hotels, banks etc.), the roads, streets which are used for travel. Settlements are located as advantageously as possible with respect to natural features such as water, fuel, food, protection and drainage and access to transportation and communication.

The study of  Settlement Geography studies follow these  broad points

  • Definition of Rural and Urban Settlement and their merits and demerits
  • Settlement site and Structure-Internal Morphology and External form, Field Patterns,functions and house types
  • spatial organization- size ,spacing and hierarchy of settlements, emergence and characteristics of urban settlements
  • Settlement -environment relationship: Global and regional patterns, policies and programms
  • Salient Features of Human Settlements

Source(s) ,Link(s) and Further Readings:




Rural Settlements in India

Village : Basic Unit of Settlements Development


Rural Settlements in India

A Temporal Overview of March of Urbanisation




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