Future Design Trends Influencing Our Cities

New thinkings is being evolved in city planning. Environmental, social, and economic change is increasingly centered at the city level.

Innovation in cities was on display at a recent Greenbuild, an event devoted to green building and sustainable development that draws a diverse roster of attendees, from architects and engineers to school and hospital administrators. At the event many innovative solutions were suggested.

Building for People

Cars no longer drive urban planning—today it’s “people-oriented design,” “That still accommodates cars, but people come first.”

“It’s design on a pedestrian scale, with narrower streets, and pushing buildings closer to the street and to each other,” says Angus. “That in turn brings people closer together—the front porch concept.” Other aspects include a grocery store within walking distance, proximity to transit, high-performing green buildings, green space and trees along streets, and space for cyclists.

Health and Wellness

With 90 percent of our time spent indoors, building design and its impact in the workplace, schools, and even hospital settings has been an emerging area of research.

Studies conducted by Harvard’s Healthy Buildings center found that in green buildings with enhanced ventilation and optimal thermal conditions, participants scored 26 percent higher on cognitive function tests and had fewer symptoms of sick building syndrome. Exposure to daylight and brighter, blue-enriched lighting, which best mimics natural light, was also associated with better sleep quality.

Chemicals used in building materials and furnishings that are known to accumulate in both humans and the environment are coming under closer scrutiny by researchers, and Harvard is practicing what it teaches: The university’s purchasing community is working to reduce “chemicals of concern” throughout the campus, starting with buying furniture that’s free of flame retardants.

Going Green

Urban planners continually find more creative ways to weave nature into the city, particularly with space at a premium. It doesn’t necessarily have to take the form of sprawling parks. Jonce Walker, who works in sustainable design in New York City, sees pockets of nature functioning like “acupuncture” for residents. “Small, strategic interventions offer relief to people who live in cities,” says Walker. “We must be careful not to erase nature out of cities, and work on putting nature back in.”

The best of these spots, he says, have the element of surprise—encountering nature where one might least expect it—and offer “dwell time,” a way to linger and admire it.

Walker points to projects such as Paley Park and PARK(ing) Day, a movement to convert metered parking spots into temporary public spaces that began in San Francisco and spread to other cities. In New York, it’s similarly represented by Street Seats, a seasonal program allowing benches and chairs, surrounded by landscaping, to be installed on streets. “It’s taking back part of the street for cars and giving it to people,” says Walker. In Brooklyn, the 2,000 Gallon Project uses dumpsters planted with trees and vegetation to divert stormwater that might ordinarily overflow with sewage into Gowanus Canal. The display “integrates nature into a very industrial place—and it’s moveable,” he says.

Planting trees is a more permanent solution. Washington, D.C., and a dozen other cities have committed to a 40 percent canopy cover goal. D.C. is already close—about 38.7 percent—and it’s moved to protect “heritage trees” whose trunks are 100 inches or more in circumference, says Luke Cole of the city’s environment and energy department. About 12,000 trees were planted over the last year as part of the effort. Citizens are in on it too: A program offers a consult for residential property owners and subsidies for incorporating shade trees, rain gardens, and native plants, which help reduce storm runoff. The program contributes up to 8 percent of the city’s new trees.

Planning for Climate Change

Superstorm Sandy’s crippling effect on Manhattan in 2012 propelled cities to launch resilience plans that anticipate rising seas, more frequent storms, and flooding. In 2014 San Francisco became the first to designate a climate resilience officer, and at least 84 other global cities have followed. In the wake of recent hurricanes impacting Houston, Miami, and Puerto Rico—the most expensive hurricane season in U.S. history—efforts have accelerated.

At the confluence of two rivers, Washington, D.C., is battling both sinking and sea-level rise—levels have risen 11 inches over the past century, with 40 inches projected by 2080.

Climate Ready DC outlines measures for coping with those, along with more intense rainfall and storm surge, and highlights neighborhoods at risk. The plan’s 77 actions range from increasing the number of green roofs (already incentivized), collecting stormwater, creating micro-grids for energy and water, incorporating resilience in building and zoning codes, and identifying “cooling centers” where those who may not have access to air conditioning could retreat during scorching summer heat—the city projects two to three times as many dangerously hot days.

The Net-Zero Standard

Net-zero waste, water, and energy have been called the sustainable trifecta, creating “living buildings.” Seattle’s Bullitt Center, for example, has a rooftop rainwater harvesting system and composting toilets and taps solar energy for its needs.

As of 2016, about 200 commercial buildings in the U.S. claimed the net-zero energy standard, which means the building generates all its own power through on-site renewable sources. Schools and campuses are increasingly incorporating net-zero energy systems—and using them as a teaching tool.

Source:

National Geographic

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Some Probable Features of the Future Sustainable City

We have many of the ideas and inventions that are needed to make cities truly sustainable, we have identified the pillars of sustainability, but there is a considerable delay in implementation caused by entrenched thinking ,lack of awareness and lack of training .

Finance and Auditing 

  1. Joined-up action. Departments need to communicate to each other so that, for a properly coordinated sustainability strategy.For Example, Transport Department is not working against the interests of the planning department and so on.
  2. New Economics. Finance departments need to have the ability to successfully make the financial case for the investments required to deliver sustainability and regeneration by factoring in the financial aspects of ancillary benefits of measures to be taken, such as: job creation, reducing inequalities, reducing crime and congestion, and improving citizen health and well-being.
  3. Modelling and auditing. Life-cycle analysis, carbon accounting, or ecological-footprinting needs to be applied consistently so that different strategies can be properly compared and to maximise overall environmental, carbon and cost savings.
  4. Networking. It’s very important that influencers within city administrations are able to travel to other cities or network with them online to see what they have done and bring back the best innovatory practices so that they become embedded everywhere.
  5. Training. These need constant programs of in-service training to keep personnel up-to-date with the latest techniques, thinking and technologies.

Transport

  1. Promoting cycling and walkability. There is pressing need to plan for walkability and cyclability in cities. The spread of cycle hiring facilities such as the schemes in London and Paris, and recognition of the needs of cyclists are important because cycling and walking have numerous benefits in terms of reduced congestion, improved air quality, promoting health and reducing health costs.
  2. Planning for Local Hubs. As cities spread we need to think of hubs, and how local services can be provided at these hubs. This reduces the need to commute or travel . Being able to situate people’s homes near to their jobs and the things they need helps to keep it local and reduce congestion and carbon emissions.
  3. Congestion Charging. This helps because it puts a price on diesel and petrol-fuelled personal travel.
  4. Extensive provision of electric vehicle charging points. This will encourage their uptake, especially if electric scooters and other small vehicles are facilitated for short journeys.
  5. Seamless travel. Properly joined-up public transport systems allow people easily to hop from bus to Metro/subway to train using the same payment method and without having to wait very long. Being able to take a bike on a train or even the Metro/subway is desirable.

Smart cities and Crowd-Sourcing

  1. Tapping the wisdom of crowds :The people who live there, to get them to tell you what they think will make their cities more liveable has great potential . We should be asking them: how can we make the best of what we’ve got? This is especially true of cities in developing countries where there is a danger of favelas and shantytowns being bulldozed for unsustainable developments, instead of helping the people who live there to help themselves and supporting them in what they need. They are no different from people in developed world cities, in wanting to improve their community and quality-of-life and having the skills to do so.
  2. Collaborative Partnerships. Successful sustainable projects happen when those at the top, in government, and those at the grassroots work together instead of against each other.

Buildings

  1. Remote Monitoring and Management. Wireless building energy monitoring systems allow all existing buildings to be remotely monitorable and controlled to minimise energy use and identify hot spots for action.
  2. Densification. Dense cities are more sustainable because the impact per unit is less, up to a limit. Accommodation will become more affordable, in general, as a result. Land use should be mixed, with light industry interspersed with retail, office and workshop space and services to create local jobs and social diversity, part of the art of placemaking.
  3. Climate resilience: It should go without saying these days that planning requirements for the built environment include protection from weather extremes: overheating, flooding and storms.

Energy

  1. Local energy: Community energy heating schemes, combined heat and power, heat pumps should all be encouraged.
  2. Solar energy: The ability to use dye-sensitive PV coatings on building cladding to generate electricity is being pioneered in Swansea by Tata Steel for instance, and will become available and cost effective in just a few years. The advantage is that surfaces do not need to point at the sun to be efficient and the panels don’t take up land space.
  3. Anaerobic Digestion. More power will come from anaerobic digestion of organic and green waste to produce natural gas that may be injected into the mains, used in local network combined heat and power plants or to power transport, with the digestate being used as a fertiliser.

Food

  1. Urban Growing. On the individual level of city dwellers, after energy consumption, food consumption is the biggest source of carbon emissions, then transport, consumables and housing. Urban growing can include: rooftop and vertical gardens, allotments, teaching children to grow food in schools, community-supported agriculture, farmers markets, and, on the horizon, growing food intensively indoors, both traditional and novel engineered foodstuffs.
  2. Making space for Mature: if space is to be made for the natural environment – to improve biodiversity and local air quality, reduce the ‘heat island’ effect, and improve well-being – why should the plants and trees not be edible: nuts, fruit, herbs, decorative brassicas, and so on?

Source(s):

Smart City Dive

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Happy Centenary Sir Syed Day: Now Be The BEST in the World-Be The Change in the Ever Changing World

zarraat kaa bosaa lene ko, sau baar jhukaa aakaash yahaan

We are Celebrating our Centenary. Its time to be the best in the World.

Its time to pull down the “Aakash” . Let us work for this goal with all our might , with all our capabilities , with PASSION. Passion of Sir Syed .

jo abr yahaan se uththega, vo saare jahaan par barsegaa
har juu-e-ravaan par barsegaa, har koh-e-garaan par barsegaa

Lets bloom and be the rain of knowledge,of HOPE.

har shahr-e-tarab par garjegaa, har qasr-e-tarab par kadkegaa

ye abr hameshaa barsaa hai, ye abr hameshaa barsegaa

Live the Spirit of our Tarana

Be The Change in the Ever Changing World

The Message
The MAN

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How To Cook With Magic Mushrooms

Guest Post by Jessica Smith 

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The art of cooking is developing as we speak. People are on the constant lookout for new ingredients to make their recipes more tasty and enjoyable. One of the latest elements to join the world’s cookbook is magic mushrooms. Is psilocybin cuisine a reality in the near future, or is it happening as we speak?

Magic mushrooms are a viable ingredient for a variety of recipes. And now that neuroscientists have recognized their effects, you can safely use them in your kitchen. If you want to improve your kitchen skills and make food with magic mushrooms, you are in the right place.

Before we begin, be sure to buy psychedelic mushrooms from a reputable vendor, to be on the safe side.

Here are a few tips to help you cook with magic mushrooms and excel at it.

A Few Precautions You Should Know About

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Starting your journey as a psilocybin chef can be quite challenging, especially if you have no experience with brewing magic mushrooms. Here are the few precautions you should know before you put on your apron.

What Is The Right Dosage?

If you have previous experience with consuming magic mushrooms, you can easily transfer your knowledge and use it for cooking. When it comes to the dose, there is no rule of thumb here. You probably already know what is the perfect dose for you.

Use the same dose of magic mushrooms in your recipes. If you are doing it for the first time in your life, you can make your usual dosage a target dose. Start small and work your way to your standard dose to see how your body reacts.

Prevent Nausea

Consider the fact that cooking involves mixing up various ingredients to achieve that desired texture and taste. If you have never tried food based on magic mushrooms, you don’t know what effects it will have on you. Mix it up with something hard to digest, and you may experience nausea. Add the trip induced by magic mushrooms, and you will most likely regret everything.

It is best to start cooking simple meals, with as few ingredients as possible. The goal is to prepare something easy to digest while enabling the shrooms to do their work. There are a few tricks to help you prevent nausea. Add mint, lemon, or ginger to your recipe, and you will most likely work your way around it.

Heat and Potency Degradation

Heat, and its effects on psilocybin, is a topic that dates back to the first use cases of magic mushrooms. Don’t let this discourage you from cooking with magic mushrooms, even though you are about to bake your food.

After all, people have been using magic mushrooms in tea. Even though boiling water exposes them to high temperatures, the shrooms still could induce the trip effect.

Start With Simple Snacks & Meals

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While there are plenty of ways to scramble in magic mushrooms in everyday recipes, consider starting simple. It will provide you with experience and help you discover fresh ways to introduce magic mushrooms to old recipes.

Gummy Bears Are Easy

Gummy bears are an excellent choice for novel chefs who want to try magic mushroom recipes. Gummy bears are fun to make, and they are delicious as well. You can make them with gelatin or with fruit juice.

Both versions are easy to make. The fruit juice version might be better because you can add lemon and honey to make a delicious treat and prevent potential nausea. Don’t forget to get some gummy bear molds.

Smoothies and Magic Mushrooms

Smoothies are next on the menu. You can add magic mushrooms to your healthy mix to tune up the experience. You need not be an experienced chef to do it. The best shrooms for this recipe are ground-dried ones.

Smoothies are best if you want to get effects as fast as possible, altogether avoiding the heavy feeling in your stomach. Any fruit will do. You can use berries, or any frozen fruit, orange juice, and some yogurt. If you have a sensitive stomach, add banana to calm it and enjoy the ride.

Magic Chocolate

Chocolate is a powerful aphrodisiac. Mixing it up with magic mushrooms can induce powerful effects. Some people even argue that cacao in chocolate enhances the effects of magic shrooms. To make things easy, you can use any milk chocolate.

Melt chocolate in a microwave, grind dry magic mushrooms, mix it up, and put it in a mold. Refrigerate until its solid and enjoy the magic delicacy.

As you can see, cooking with magic mushrooms is easy. All you have to do is pay attention to the dosage. Once you feel comfortable around magic mushrooms in your kitchen, feel free to try more complicated recipes such as magic mushroom risotto and magic mushroom jacket potato. 

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