Category Archives: BIODIVERSITY

Biodiversity Conservation:In-situ and Ex-Situ—>National Parks,Biosphere Reserves and Sanctuaries

Biodiversity is the biological diversity which includes the variety of the whole species present on earth. It includes different animals, plants, micro-organisms and their genes, water ecosystems, terrestrial, and marine ecosystems in which they all are present. Biodiversity is necessary … Continue reading

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India’s Ecological Regions and : Flora and Fauna

Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous—native plant life. The corresponding term for animal life is fauna. Flora, fauna and other forms of life such as fungi are collectively referred to as biota. Sometimes bacteria and fungi are also referred to as flora, as in the terms gut flora or skin flora. … Continue reading

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Wildlife Conservation Projects and India’s Forest Policy

India is one of the few countries which has a forest policy since 1894. The policy was revised in 1952 and again in 1988. The main plank of the revised forest policy of 1988 is protection, conservation and development of … Continue reading

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Bugyals: Enchanting Indian Meadows

Bugyals are alpine pasture lands, or meadows, in higher elevation range between 3,300 metres and 4,000 metres  of the Himalayas in Uttarakhand, India where they are called “nature’s own gardens”. Here the topography  is either flat or sloped. The surface of these bugyals … Continue reading

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