Some Notable Cities of India Situated along Rivers

Agra
Agra, the former capital of Hindustan, is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the northern state ofUttar Pradesh, IndiaWith a population of 1,686,976 (2010 est.), it is one of the most populous cities in Uttar Pradesh and the 19th most populous in India. Agra can also refer to the administrative district that has its headquarters in Agra city. It is a major tourist destination because of its many splendid Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Tāj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpūr Sikrī, all three of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Agra is included on the Golden Triangle tourist circuit, along with Delhi and Jaipur.

Ahmedabad

is the largest city and former capital of the western Indian state of Gujarat. It is the administrative headquarters of the Ahmedabad district and the seat of the Gujarat High Court. With a population of more than 5.8 million and an extended population of 6.3 million, it is the fifth-largest city and seventh-largest metropolitan area of India. It is also ranked third in Forbes’ list of fastest growing cities of the decade. Ahmedabad is located on the banks of the River Sabarmati, 30 km from the state capital Gandhinagar.

Kanpur
Kanpur is located on the bank of river Ganges and has been an important place in the history of modern India. Kanpur was one of the main centers of the industrial revolution in India. Kanpur is the most populous city and the largest urban agglomeration in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the second largest industrial city in of the Hindi belt in North India.
Varanasi
Varanasi, also known as Benares, is an Indian city on the banks of the Ganga in Uttar Pradesh, 320 kilometres south-east of the state capital, Lucknow. Some Hindus believe that death at Varanasi brings salvation. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Varanasi is also known as the favourite city of the Hindu deity Lord Shiva as it has been mentioned in the Rigveda that this city in older times was known as Kashi or “Shiv ki Nagri”.Varanasi is famous for its Ghats.

Allahabad
Allahabad, also known as Prayag, is a city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of the Allahabad DistrictThe original name of the city was Prayaga (place of offerings) which was derived from its position at the sacred union of the rivers Ganges, Yamuna and Saraswati.
Kolkata
Kolkata, known historically in English as Calcutta is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly river, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India’s oldest operating port as well as its sole major riverine port. As of 2011, the city had 4.5 million residents; the urban agglomeration, which comprises the city and its suburbs, was home to approximately 14.1 million, making it the third-most populous metropolitan area in India. As of 2008, its economic output as measured by gross domestic product ranked third among South Asian cities, behind Mumbai and Delhi.
New Delhi
New Delhi situated on the banks of Yamuna is the capital of India. It is also the centre of the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi. New Delhi is situated within the metropolis of Delhi and is one of the eleven districts of Delhi National Capital Territory.The foundation stone of the city was laid by George V, Emperor of India during the Delhi Durbar of 1911.It was designed by British architects, Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker. The new capital was inaugurated on 13 February 1931, by India’s Viceroy Lord Irwin.Delhi is also the hub of affordable and premier health facilities in the country.

Hyderabad
Hyderabad, the largest city in the South Indian state of Telangana. Currently, Hyderabad is the common capital of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh states, an arrangement that is scheduled to last for a maximum of ten years. Occupying 650 square kilometres, along the banks of the Musi River, it has a population of about 6.8 million and a metropolitan population of about 7.75 million, making it the fourth most populous city and sixth most populous urban agglomeration in India. At an average altitude of 542 metres, much of Hyderabad is situated on hilly terrain around artificial lakes, including Hussain Sagar—predating the city’s founding—north of the then city centre.

Hyderabad also boasts of a university, MANUU, whic is established to promote Urdu language.
Patna
Patna is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in IndiaOne of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world. Patna was founded in 490 BCE by the king of Magadha.Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was the capital of the Magadha Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Sunga, Gupta and Pala.Pataliputra was a seat of learning and fine artsThe modern city of Patna is situated on the southern bank of the Ganges.The city also straddles the rivers Sone, Gandak and Punpun. The city is approximately 35 km long and 16 km to 18 km wide.

Srinagar is the summer capital of the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir. It is situated in the Kashmir Valley and lies on the banks of the Jhelum River, a tributary of the Indus.The city is famous for its gardens, lakes and houseboats. It is also known for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts and dry fruits.

Surat
Surat, previously known as Suryapur, is a city in the Indian state of Gujarat. Surat is also called the city of flyovers. It is the administrative capital of the Surat district. The city is located 306 km south of the state capital, Gandhinagar on the left bank of the Tapti River (Tapi), the center being around 22 km from the river’s mouth.

Bangalore
Bengaluru also known as Bangalore is the third largest city in India and is the center of India’s fifth-largest metropolitan area. Located in southern India on the Deccan Plateau, it is the capital of the southern Indian state of Karnataka. Bangalore is known as the “Silicon Valley of India” because of its role as the nation’s leading information technology (IT) exporter. Located at a height of over 3,000 feet (914.4 m) above sea level, Bangalore is known for its pleasant climate throughout the year.It is the highest metro city in India. The city is amongst the top ten preferred entrepreneurial locations in the world.

Gwalior
Gwalior ,situated along Chambal river is a historical and major city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is located to the south of Agra, 319 kilometres south of Delhi the capital city of India, and 423 kilometres (263 mi) north of Bhopal, the state capital. Gwalior occupies a strategic location in the Gird region of India, and the city and its fortress have served as the center of several of historic northern Indian kingdoms. It is famous for its fort which has changed hands many times. From theTomaras in the 8th century, it passed to the Mughals, then the Marathas under the Scindias .
Lucknow
Lucknow, situatd along Gomti river is the capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India.Lucknow is one of the major and most famous metropolitan cities of India and is the administrative headquarters of Lucknow District andLucknow Division. Lucknow has always been known as a multicultural city and it flourished as a cultural and artistic hub ofNorth India in the 18th and 19th centuries and as a seat of power of Nawabs Today it continues as an important centre of government, education, commerce, aerospace, finance, pharmaceuticals, technology, design, culture, tourism, music and poetry.Today, Lucknow is the largest city of Uttar Pradesh and is also the educational, commercial hub of the state.

Source:Wikipedia

P.S->This post is an outcome of a class project of Manaal

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About Rashid Faridi

I am Rashid Aziz Faridi ,Writer, Teacher and a Voracious Reader.
This entry was posted in Cities, Human Geography, India, Settlements. Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to Some Notable Cities of India Situated along Rivers

  1. Pingback: 10 least populated Cities in the Land of Populous Cities | Rashid's Blog

  2. Pingback: भारत के कुछ प्रमुख ऐतिहासिक शहर व स्थल | Rashid's Blog

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