Category Archives: Settlements

The Modification of August Lösch

Starting in the 1930s, German geographer August Lösch began to build upon and modify Christaller’s model. He did this, in part, because he noticed that the variation in K is very important in shaping the organizations of centers and the … Continue reading

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Characteristics of Rural Settlements

Traditionally, rural settlements were associated with agriculture. In modern times other types of rural communities have been developed. In rural settlement the most basic sitting factors can be seen clearly at work. This is because permanent villages, like the semi-permanent settlements of shifting … Continue reading

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Five Early Urban Hearths

Mesopotamia The first urban settlements are thought to have started around 3500BC in lower Mesopotamia (Sumer) around the Tigris and Euphrates. First was Ur, which from 2300 BC to 2180BC was the capital city of the Sumerian Kingdom, extending north … Continue reading

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Basic Approaches to Study of Settlement Geography

In approaching a subject for the first time it is useful to begin by obtaining an overview of the main conceptual approaches, themes, and issues that comprise the field Each subject has a need for systematic rules, methods, techniques & … Continue reading

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