Category Archives: Volcanoes

Hotspot Volcanoes

While most volcanoes / earthquakes occur along plate boundaries, there are exceptions. For example the volcanic Hawaiian islands which can be found in the middle of the Pacific Plate are formed due to a Hotspot. Hotspots are plumes of molten … Continue reading

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Mud Pot or Mud Pool and Paint Pot: Landforms Resulting from volcanic and Biological Activity

One of the most interesting looking features of a thermal area is mudpots. A mudpot  or mud pool is an acidic hot spring, or fumarole, with limited water. It usually takes the form of a pool of bubbling mud. The acid … Continue reading

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Earth Scientists Say to Jupiter’s Moon Io: Your Volcanoes Are in the Wrong Place

Jupiter’s moon Io is the most volcanically active world in the whole Solar System, with hundreds of volcanoes, some erupting lava fountains up to 250 miles high. But, concentrations of volcanic activity are significantly displaced from where they are expected … Continue reading

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Montmorillonite Clay

Montmorillonite is a very soft phyllosilicate group of minerals that typically form in microscopic crystals, forming a clay. It is named after Montmorillon in France. Montmorillonite, a member of the smectite family, is a 2:1 clay, meaning that it has … Continue reading

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