Category Archives: Class Notes

Concept of Animism

Animism is the idea that all things—animate and inanimate—possess a spirit or an essence. First coined in 1871, animism is a key feature in many ancient religions, especially of indigenous tribal cultures. Animism is a foundational element in the development … Continue reading

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Advantage of Cross Tabulation with Chi Square

 Chi square or Pearson’s chi- square test, is any statistical hypothesis, which is used to determine whether there is a significant difference between expected frequencies and the observed frequencies in one or more category. An important consideration when cross tabulating … Continue reading

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Tourism Planning: Overview and Importance

What is tourism planning? D.Getz (1987) defines tourism planning as” a process, based on research and evaluation, which seeks to optimize the potential contribution of tourism to human welfare and environmental quality”. According to Faludi (1973) “Planning is a very … Continue reading

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Infrastructure: Key Drivers for Action

 A truly holistic approach to infrastructure requires stepping away from a silo/sector-based approach and understanding that infrastructure is made up of not just physical things or assets, but consists of three major parts: assets, knowledge, and institutions. Embracing this concept … Continue reading

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