Today, the population of South Asia is divided into dozens of ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups that live side by side—but not always in harmony. A contentious border separates India and Pakistan; political movements draw stark lines between India’s Muslim and Hindu populations. Groups don’t mix much, as people tend to marry those who share their ethnicity and tongue.
A new study on Indian genetics says some sort of migration did indeed take place into India and that the Indus Valley civilisation is key to all South Asian populations.
There are at least three broad types of people came to India
- South Asian Hunter Gatherers
- Iranian Agriculturalists
- Steppe Pastoralists
This research shows that Indian’s are a truly mixed people.There was some sort of Aryan Migration.The Indus Valley people were the ancestors of all the South Asian People.
A hunter-gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by foraging(collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals). Hunter-gatherer societies stand in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.
Steppe societies is a collective name for the Bronze Age (ca. 3500-1200 BC) nomadic and semi-nomadic people of the central Eurasian steppes. Mobile pastoralist groups have lived and herded in western and central Asia for at least 5,000 years, raising horses, cattle, sheep, goats, and yaks. Their borderless lands intersect the modern countries of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Xinjiang, and Russia, affecting and being affected by complex social systems from China to the Black Sea, the Indus Valley and Mesopotamia.