A Human Settlement is a place where people live and interact through activities such as agriculture, trading and entertainment
A rural settlement system is a community involved predominantly primary activities such as farming, lumbering and mining.
An urban settlement system engages in predominantly in secondary and tertiary activities such as food processing and banking.
There is often correlation between functions, population sizes and population density.
A rural settlement tends to have small population and low population density.
Urban settlement often has a large population size and high population density.
Site Factors for Settlement
Physical environment determine the site of a settlement depend on
1.Water supply – water is essential for human survival and agricultural activities.
2.Relief – the availability of broad flat land such as floodplains promote agricultural activities.
3.Soils- fertility of soils also another considerations for agricultural activities
4.Shelter-which are sheltered from natural elements. Windswept highland with harsh cold climate are conducive for settlement.
5.Defence– Threat from enemies and predatory animals drove people to live together for protection.
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