Industrialisation bringing acid rain to India

There is growing evidence to believe that the incidence of acid rain is increasing in India. Many experts link the phenomenon with increasing industrialisation in the country.India Meteorological Department (imd) has found increasing acidity in rain samples from Pune and Nagpur.

A 2004 paper in the journal Environment Science and Engineering by imd scientists says pH values in rainwater has been dropping in India. The study finds a link between acid rains and the rising levels of sulphur and nitrogen compounds in the atmosphere.

Industrialisation is the prime driver of the acid rain phenomenon. Besides acid rain, experts also link changes in precipitation patterns to rapid industrialisation and urbanisation across the globe. The changes include increased rains and snowfall in northern regions, and drier conditions in tropical areas.

A recent paper in Nature (Vol 448, No 7157) clearly establishes this link. Human-induced climate change in the past century has contributed to the drying observed in Mexico, Central America and northern Africa, says Canadian climate scientist Xuebin Zhang who is one of the authors. The paper says that these shifts may have had significant effects on ecosystems especially in regions that are sensitive to changes in precipitation, such as the Sahel region in northern Africa.

Industrialisation is the prime driver of the acid rain phenomenon. Besides acid rain, experts also link changes in precipitation patterns to rapid industrialisation and urbanisation across the globe. The changes include increased rains and snowfall in northern regions, and drier conditions in tropical areas.

A recent paper in Nature (Vol 448, No 7157) clearly establishes this link. Human-induced climate change in the past century has contributed to the drying observed in Mexico, Central America and northern Africa, says Canadian climate scientist Xuebin Zhang who is one of the authors. The paper says that these shifts may have had significant effects on ecosystems especially in regions that are sensitive to changes in precipitation, such as the Sahel region in northern Africa.
Industrialisation is the prime driver of the acid rain phenomenon. Besides acid rain, experts also link changes in precipitation patterns to rapid industrialisation and urbanisation across the globe. The changes include increased rains and snowfall in northern regions, and drier conditions in tropical areas.

Acid rain has many baneful effects. It upsets chemical balance in water bodies, releasing toxic metals. This causes serious health problems to people. Acid rain also triggers leaching of important nutrients from the soil, affecting plants. When snow with acid deposit melts, higher concentration of acid gets released, affecting fish. Acid rains also cause corrosion in buildings—the Taj Mahal being a case in point.

Studies show the importance to regularly monitor more places for acid rains. But the mechanism to study acid rains is at present inadequate in India. imd stations are not located in the most polluted areas in the country. The department has not yet looked into all the industrial areas.

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About Rashid Faridi

I am Rashid Aziz Faridi ,Writer, Teacher and a Voracious Reader.
This entry was posted in Environment, Urban Studies, water. Bookmark the permalink.

3 Responses to Industrialisation bringing acid rain to India

  1. Uruba Siddiqui says:

    This is certainly a very serious problem that india is facing due to industrialisation.Measures should be taken to keep acid rains away as much as possible.It really feels sad to know that acid rains affect the nutrients in the soil hence affecting the vegetation.Although some people are working toward this problem,but in near future if its not taken seriously,it might pose a huge problem for the people in india.

    Like

  2. Marcus says:

    Nice blog as for me. It would be great to read more concerning this matter.

    Like

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