In rural areas, poverty is often a result of
- an absence of adequate land holdings,
- low agricultural productivity,
- limited non-farm employment opportunities and
- lack of basic infrastructure and services.
Small farmers often face enormous difficulties to acquire the necessary technology to increase their productivity and to market their products. In many cases, the rural poor are not organized enough to have their voices heard.
In urban areas poverty is often, though not always, a result of a lack of access to urban infrastructure. The urban poor have much higher cash income than the rural poor, but are excluded from access
to infrastructure and services, because they do not own the land and do not have a house registration or a building permit. They are forced to live on marginal, often hazardous land under environmentally poor conditions. The lack of access to basic services and the poor quality of the environment affects their health and that of their children and this limits their ability to make a living and to lift themselves out of poverty.
- Rural Poverty Up (zimbabweelection.com)
- To Help the World’s Poor, Give Them Real Jobs (businessweek.com)
- Aid to End Poverty: Throwing Out the Magic Box (unprisonment.wordpress.com)
- Go beyond tinkering (thehindu.com)
- Where do Poor People Live? (everydaysociologyblog.com)
- Q&A: “The Real Target Is Zero Hunger” (ipsnews.net)