Agricultural Ecosystem

Agricultural Ecosystems

Men and women rice farmers working in Nepal.
Credit: B. Sthapit/Bioversity

Managing genetic resources on farms concerns the entire ecosystem, including cultivated crops, forages and agroforestry species, as well as their wild and weedy relatives that may be growing in nearby areas.There are many benefits from effective on farm genetic resources management programmes.

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Conserving the processes of evolution and adaptation
Conserving and using diversity at different levels
Integrating farmers into a national plant genetic resources system
Improving the livelihoods of resource-poor farmers
Maintaining or increasing farmers’ control and access over genetic resources
Managing stress and change
Seed systems and diversity maintenance
Ecosystem services
Linking wild and cultivated systems

Conserving the processes of evolution and adaptation
The conservation and use of agrobiodiversity at all levels within local environments helps ensure that the ongoing processes of evolution and adaptation of crops to their environments are maintained within farming systems. This benefit is central to in situ management of genetic resources, as it is based on conserving and using not only existing germplasm but also the conditions that allow for the development of new germplasm.

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About Rashid Faridi

I am Rashid Aziz Faridi ,Writer, Teacher and a Voracious Reader.
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