द्वार पर नीरो !

Originally posted on Kafila:

नरम फासीवाद के सौंदर्यीकरण के वक्त़ में

(To be published in the next issue of ‘ Samakaleen Teesari Dunia’)


जनसंहार को अंजाम देने वाले लोग क्या बीमार मस्तिष्क और परपीड़क होते हैं।

अपनी बहुचर्चित किताब ‘आईशमैन इन जेरूसलेम: ए रिपोर्ट आन द बॅनालिटी आफ इविल’ में जर्मन-अमेरिकी दार्शनिक हाना अरेन्डट इस प्रश्न का जवाब देने की कोशिश करती हैं। एक नात्सी सैन्य अधिकारी एडॉल्फ आइशमैन जो हिटलर की हुकूमत में चली नस्लीय शुद्धिकरण की मुहिम के अग्रणी सूत्राधारों में से था, उस पर चले मुकदमे की चर्चा करते हुए वह बताती हैं कि किस तरह ऐसे घिनौने अपराधों को अंजाम देनेवाले अक्सर सामान्य, साधारण लोग होते हैं जो अपने काम को नौकरशाहाना दक्षता के साथ अंजाम देते हैं।

एक ऐसे समय में जबकि 2002 के स्याह दौर को – जब राज्य के कर्णधारों की अकर्मण्यता और संलिप्तता के चलते हजारों निरपराधों को जान से हाथ धोना पड़ा – और…

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Top 5 Whatsapp Status

Guest Post by Rohan Mahndiratta

Whatsapp as we all know is one of the most widely used instant messaging application these days. Moreover with its recent takeover by Facebook at a whopping price of $19 billion has made this application more interesting and exciting. There are many people who love to put some great Whatsapp status messages and among these messages there are few which have become most popular. Here are some of those top whatsapp status messages that you can also share as your status.

Sometimes the end is the new beginning

  • This is one of the most popular and top whatsapp status messages. This status message has become so much popular that millions of whatsapp users have shared this message as their whatsapp status message. You can also easily put this message as your whatsapp status message and for that you need to type in this message into the personalized status message option of your whatsapp account.

Friends will come and friends will go. But true friends stick on forever

  • This whatsapp status message is quite popular with the youngsters. If you have a fight with your best friend and you want to pacify him or her then share this message as your whatsapp status message. He or she will definitely come back to you and the relation between both of you will become stronger.

Life is too short to spend it with people who don’t make you happy

  • A person who wants to live an enjoyable life would love to share this whatsapp status message which says that “Life is too short to spend it with people who don’t make you happy”.  A person with carefree approach and who wants to live with complete freedom will also love to put up this message. This message is ideal for those people also who want to give a positive outlook to their life and want to carry on with whatever they have for a great and better future.

Only you can change yourself, no one else can

  • If you are looking to improve your life or if you are regretful about something in your life then put on this great whatsapp status message that says “only you can change yourself, no one else can”. If some kind of negative thought hover around your mind then consider setting up this message and you will definitely feel more positive and energetic.

Apart from all the messages that have been discussed above there are many more such highly impressive messages that can be set as your whatsapp status message but the above mentioned ones belong to the top most category and are one of the most widely used. Whatsapp will will also work on Samsung Galaxy s6 .

You can easily search for some more whatsapp status messages over the internet as there are loads of such amazing messages that can be searched and saved for later use. In fact you can set your whatsapp status message as per the occasion or the moment of your life. So what you are wating for just get more such great messages and set them as your whatsapp status message as per your wish and requirement.

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Chanakya’s Thoughts on Town and Country Planning in Contemporary World:Are They Relevant?

Some interesting extracts relating to Town and Country planning in Arthashastra composed by Chanakya in the Maurya period is given below:

  • Town, which is congested, should be freed of surplus population, which should then be housed in a new location. The towns should be so located as they would be in a position to help each other.
  • There should be a ‘sangrahan’ among ten villages, a ‘sarvatik’ among two hundred, a ‘dronamukh’ among four hundred and a ‘sthaniya’ among eight hundred villages.
  • People who come to stay at the time of a new settlement or those who come to reside later in this new settlement should be exempted from payment of taxes for some years. In the new village, there should be, higher proportion of agriculturists and shudras. There should be a market provided for the sale of goods received from traders on highways.
  • Dams should be built over rivers and  nalas. Temples and gardens should be provided.
  •  Arrangements should be made for looking after the aged, the children and informal persons.
  • Cereals and wealth will grow if the agriculturists are kept busy. Attempts should be made to protect and increase quarries, forests and canals.

According to Chanakya’s Arthashastra, a city should be located in the central part of the country so as to facilitate trade and commerce. The site elected for the purpose of this city should be quite large in area and on the banks of the river, or by the side of an artificial or natural lake, which never goes dry. Its shape should be circular, rectangular or square as would suit the topography. There should be water on all sides. Separate areas should be provided for marketing different goods. There should be a wall around the town, which should be at least six dandas high and twelve dandas wide. Beyond this wall, there should be three moats of 14 feet, 12 feet and 10 feet wide to be built four arm-lengths apart. The depth should be three-fourth of width. Three-east west and three North – south roads should divide the town. The main roads should be eight dandas wide and other roads four dandas wide.

The palace should be in the central part. It should face either north or east. The houses of priests and ministers should be on the south-east, traders, skilled workers, and kshatriyas on the east, the treasury, goldsmiths and industries on the south, forest produce on the northeast and doctors city fathers, the army commander, artists, on the south. Temples should be located in the center of the town. Cemeteries should be located on the north and east of the town that for the higher caste to be located on the south. The depressed classes should be housed beyond the cemetery. There should be one well for every group of ten houses.

My question to the readers is –Whether these concepts are still relevant in the contemporary world?

I invite all readers having interest in town and country planning to comment and discuss the concept.

Posted in Cities, Discussions, Human Geography, opinions, Settlements, Urban Studies | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Urbanism is the new way of life.

Any city is a large and permanent settlement. There is no agreement on how any city is distinguished from a town, many cities have a particular administrative, legal, or historical status based on the law of the land.
In the American state of Massachusetts legal modalities by the local state legislature distinguishes a city government from a town. In the United Kingdom and parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, a settlement is called a city with a royal charter. The belief in this distinction is also there in England, where the presence of a cathedral is thought by many to distinguish a ‘city’ sometimes called a ‘cathedral city’ from a ‘town’ which has a parish church.

Cities often have elaborate systems for sanitation, utilities, land usage, housing, and transportation. Concentration of development in a limited space greatly facilitates interaction between people and businesses, benefiting both parties in the process. A big city or metropolis usually has many associated suburbs and exurbs. These cities are usually associated with metropolitan areas and urban areas, forcing numerous business commuters traveling to urban centers for employment. Once a city expands far enough to reach another city, this region can be classified a conurbation or megalopolis.

History of ‘City’
Towns and cities have a long history. A city is often formed as central places of trade. Cities, in fact, have proved very beneficial for human civilization. Benefits of the city include reduced transport costs, exchange of ideas, sharing of natural resources, large local markets, infrastructural amenities such as running water and sewage disposal. Possible harms include the higher rate of crime, higher mortality rates, higher cost of living, worse pollution, traffic and high commuting times. Cities grow when the benefits of proximity between people and firms are higher than the harms.
The first true towns are sometimes considered large settlements where the inhabitants were no longer simply farmers of the surrounding area, but they began to take on specialized occupations, and where trade, food storage and power was centralized. In 1950 Gordon Childe attempted to define a city with 10 general metrics. These are:
• Size and density of the population should be above normal.
• Differentiation of the occupation of the population. Not all residents grow their own food, leading to specialists.
• Payment of taxes to a deity or a king.
• Monumental public buildings.
• Those not producing their own food are supported by the king.
• Systems of recording and practical science.
• A system of writing.
• Development of symbolic art.
• Trade and import of raw materials.
• Specialist craftsmen from outside the kin-group.
This categorization is used as a general touchstone when considering ancient cities, although not all have each of its characteristics.
A very important characteristic that can be used to distinguish a small city from a large town is organized government. A town accomplishes common goals through informal agreements between neighbors or the leadership of a chief. A city has professional administrators, regulations, and some form of taxation (food and other necessities or means to trade for them) to feed the government workers. The governments may be based on heredity, religion, military power, work projects, food distribution, land ownership, agriculture, commerce, manufacturing, finance, or a combination of all these. Societies that live in cities are often called civilizations.

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People on the streets of Kathmandu, Nepal-2

Originally posted on Natalia Maks:

This is  my second series of the portraits I took during my visit to Nepal.

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Nepal. People on the Streets of Kathmandu.

Originally posted on Natalia Maks:

Streets shots are essential for me when I travel to a new destination in the world. People are different and the same everywhere. I love to take the pictures of the “unpolished” people, the real people in their natural environment. All characters are unique and special for me. I think I can create a little story based on each picture.
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Hot Debate of Paper vs. Digital Maps:Ordnance Survey of Uk is not Dropping Paper maps

The Ordnance Survey ‘once-inch’ map of Perthshire

Amidst the hot debate  of  digital vs paper maps ,he Ordnance Survey of UK has denounced the misinformation about ‘discontinuation of paper maps’ reported in The Telegraph. Despite the dwindling sales of paper maps, OS reinstates its commitment to maintain the national series of paper maps and claims that it will continue to supply these to wholesalers, retailers and customers.

read more here

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Professional Term Paper Help You Need Right Now

Guest Post by Brian Johnson

ThePensters is one of the most innovative custom writing services, occupying a leading position in today’s market of writing assistance. Fishy run-of-the-mill agencies with generic names appearing and disappearing overnight are a thing of the past – the future belongs to ThePensters and those who follow suit. Here are some aspects that make this service special:

  • Individual approach to each and every assignment;
  • A vast array of professional writers;
  • Clear and transparent system of communication between the clients and the authors;
  • Freedom of choice both for clients and authors.

All these things make The Pensters a new kind of term paper help service capable of dealing with any task, in any time frame, of any degree of complexity. Choose the writer on your own judging by the information found in profiles, feedback received from customers, overall ratings and average fees, or place a description of your order to see who is willing to assist you with your task. Either way, you have complete control over who to hire and how much to pay – something you will not find in any other writing service of this day. ThePensters respects its clients and tries to make sure they come back again and again.

What Kind of Term Paper Writing Help is Found There

All in all, thepensters.com has been created because its founders felt that the market of modern writing doesn’t have the most important thing it is supposed to have – instead of really helping their clients, the majority of companies working in this sphere provide second-rate services discrediting the industry in general. What was needed is an entirely new approach that would allow the new service to immediately stand out from the crowd – and this approach was found in its ultimate transparency and friendly approach to clients. ThePensters doesn’t hide anything from the people it deals with – when you ask for term paper writing help you know exactly who is working on your order, you can decide how much you are willing to pay, who to assign to the order, what to expect from the writer. No more shots in the dark – the client is free to study the writer’s profile before hiring him or her instead of trusting a stranger to assign another stranger to the task.

Is It Really a Good Idea to Get Help with Term Paper There?

It is your call. If you are not afraid of entrusting your money and your assignment to a yet another generic website with a name like bestessayzever.com or along the same lines – suit yourself and good luck, you will probably need it. If you are more comfortable with going to an established service, choosing the person to work with on your own, getting first-rate customer support and guarantees of your order being finished on time – better pay attention to thepensters.com. Whether you need help with term paper, or want somebody to write an important essay in your stead, or something else – you are sure to find willing and, what is much more important, competent hands to delegate the task in question to. You no longer have to worry about whether you have been scammed, whether the writer assigned to your task is a competent one, whether you will receive your paper on time (if at all). ThePensters does everything to lift your worries – and the fact that it successfully works and maintains its brilliant reputation is the best proof of its trustworthiness and professionalism.

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UAE has role in space exploration

Originally posted on Joyante's Blog:

The UAE is positioning itself to lead the Middle East into space, lifted by investment in technology, expertise and facilities.

The UAE is positioning itself to lead the Middle East into space, lifted by investment in technology, expertise and facilities.

Abu Dhabi: The UAE will play a role in the next stage of space exploration as the industry moves from being government policy-driven to commercial development-driven, according to former American astronaut, Buzz Aldrin.

Aldrin, who was speaking at the Global Aerospace Summit in Abu Dhabi on Tuesday, was one of the first men to land on the moon, along with Neil Armstrong on the Apollo 11 mission in 1969.

Aldrin said the UAE is showing a growing commitment to the space industry and that the country will be involved in future projects and industry developments.

Taking the lead

Aldrin reiterated throughout his address that it is time for the commercial sector to take the lead on space exploration, with the goal of reaching mars. He said that NASA might not…

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Found a New Grammar Checker:You can Try It

Do you use an automated spell checker or grammar checker and are disappointed as I used to be? But I think I found an answer –Grammarly.

People at Grammarly claim that their software is World’s Best Grammar Checker, and their claim is not a hoax. I have used many grammar checkers, and I found it the best. Grammarly is a cloud based proofreader. It Corrects many more mistakes than other popular softwares in this niche. We have to write something every day from emails to business proposals to social media updates. Here Grammarly can help you. One can Choose from monthly, quarterly, and annual subscription pricing plans.


• Instantly find and correct over 250 types of grammatical errors

• Context-optimized vocabulary suggestions –Grammarly Improve word choice with context-optimized vocabulary suggestions.

• Plagiarism detector-it helps you to avoid plagiarism by checking your texts against over 8 billion web pages.This feature is very useful.

• It check for missed articles, prepositions, capitalization, subject/verb agreement, modifier placement, and more

• Punctuation – it ensure correct use of commas, apostrophes, colons, dashes, and ending punctuation

• Synonyms suggestion – Grammarly quickly find synonyms for any word

• Dictionary & Thesaurus – It uses built-in smart dictionary to look up word to be replaced definitions with one click.

I bought a subscription and am happy. You can also try it for free for seven days.

If you do not take care of  grammar,the results can be as disastrous as in the picture :-)

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भारत के पर्वत व पर्वत श्रेणियाँ

map2हिमालय पर्वत

      हिमालय विष्व की सर्वोच्च पर्वत श्रेणीहै,यह भारत के उत्तर-पष्चिम,उत्तर और उत्तर-पूर्वमेंविस्तृतहै.इसकीलम्बार्इ2414किलोमीटरऔरचौड़ार्इ240से320किलोमीटरहै.हिमालयउत्तरप्रदेषतथापष्चिमबंगालकेमैदानसेएकदमउठेइुएहै.इनकीऔसतऊँचार्इ6000मीटरहै,लेकिनएषियामहाद्वीपकी7000मीटरसेअधिक94चोटियोंसे92हिमालयपर्वतमेंहैं.विष्वकासर्वोच्चपर्वतषिखरऐवरेस्ट(8848मीटरऊँचा)भीहिमालयपर्वतमेंहीहै.इसषिखरकानामभारतकेसर्वेयरजनरलजॉर्जऐवरेस्टकेनामपरहीऐवरेस्टरखागयाथा.29मर्इ,1953कोकर्नलजानहण्टकेनेतृत्वमेंोरपासेनसिंहऔर न्यूजीलैण्डके एडमण्ड हिलेरी ने विष्वक ेइस सबसेऊँचे पर्वत पर सर्वप्रथम अपने कदम रखेथे.

भू-आकृतिक दृष्टि से हिमालय को निम्नलिखित भागों में बाँटा जा सकता है.

(i)    पश्चिमी हिमालय

(ii)    नेपाल हिमालय

(iii)  पूर्वी हिमालय

हिमालय  के प्रमुख पर्वत षिखर

शिखर                         ऊँचार्इ (मीटरमें)

ऐवरेस्ट (नेपाल)               8,848

के-2                              8,611

कंचनजंधा                        8,598

नंगापर्वत                         8,128

गाषेरब्रम                         8,068

ब्रॉडपीक                          8,047

दिस्तेगिलसर                       7,885

माषेरब्रम (पूर्वी)                        7,821

नन्दादेवी                         7,817

माषेरब्रम  (पश्चिमी)           7,806

राकापोषी                          7,788

कामेत                             7,756

सासेरकांगड़ी                      7,672

सीक्यांगकांगड़ी                           7,544

सियाकांगड़ी                       7,422

चौखम्मा (बद्रीनाथशिखर)          7,138

त्रिाूल(पष्चिम)                         7,138

नूनकून                            7,135

पोहुनरी                            7,128

कांटो                              7,090

डूनागरी                                  7,066

  • पाकिस्तानकेकब्जेमें

पश्चिमी हिमालय

पश्चिमी हिमालय को पुन: चार भागों में बाँटतेहैं-

(i)       उत्तरी कश्मीर हिमालय,

(ii)    दक्षिण कश्मीर हिमालय,

(iii)  पंजाब हिमालयऔर

(iv)  कुमायूँ हिमालय

उत्तरी कश्मीर  हिमालय केउत्तर मेंकराकोरम श्रेणा (कृश्णागिरि) और लदाख श्रेणीहैं .ज्ञ2केअतिरिक्त ब्रॉडपीक, हिडनपीक, राकापोषी आदि अनेक ऊँची चोटियाँ तथा सियाचिन ,रिमोबाल्तोरो आदि हिमानिया हैं.

दक्षिण कष्मीर हिमालय केअन्तर्गत हिमालय की  महान, लधु शिवालिक श्रेणियाँहैं. इसी श्रेणी में पीर पंजाल और बनिहाल दर्रे हैं.इसकेदक्षिणीभागमेंजम्मूकीपहाड़ियाँफैलीहैंतथाउत्तर-पष्चिममें पुँछ पहाड़ियाँ हैं.

पंजाब हिमालय के उत्तरी भागमें जास्कर  श्रेणी तथा पंजाब  में पीरपंजाल  और हिमालय मेंधोलाधार श्रेणीयाँ विस्तृतहैं.


नेपाल हिमालय

नेपाल हिमालय में विष्व की सबसे ऊँची चोटियाँ-ऐवरेस्ट, मकालू, कंचनजंगा, धौलागिरि, मनसालू और च्योओयू हैं.इस क्षेत्र में नेपाल तथा काठमाण्डू की घाटियाँ हैं.

पूर्वी हिमालय

पूर्वी हिमालयसिंगलीलाश्रेणीसेप्रारम्भहोकरनामचाबारवाचोटीएकविस्तृतहै.इसकेअन्तर्गतसिक्किमहिमालय,दार्जिलिंगहिमालय,भूटानहिमालय,पूर्वीहिमालयकापूर्वीभाग(पूर्वांचलमेघालय)आदि“ाामिलहैं.इसकेसिक्किमहिमालयमेंसिंगलीलाश्रेणीडॉगक्याश्रेणीवनाथूलाऔरजैलेप्लादर्रेहैं.दार्जिलिंगहिमालयमेंसंडाक्यूफालूतऔरसबारगामषिखरहैं.भूटानहिमालयमेंथिम्पूऔरमसांगक्युगडुश्रेणीवयूलेऔरलिंगषीदर्रेहैं.पूर्वाचलमेंनागालैण्ड,मणिपुरकछार,मिजो,लुसार्इऔरत्रिपुराकीपहाड़ियाँहैं.पूर्वीअरूणाचलमेंमिषमीऔरपटकोर्इपहाड़ियाँहैं.मेघालयमेंजयन्तिया,गारोऔरखासीकीपहाड़ियाँसम्मिलितहैं.खासीकेदक्षिणमेंचेरापूँजीकापठारहै.





सतपुड़ा पर्वत




मैकाल पर्वत




राजमहल की पहाड़ियाँ


राजगीर की पहाड़ियाँ

बिहारमेंपटनाकेदक्षिणमें641किलोमीटरदूरतकसमानान्तरश्रेणियाँविस्तृतहैं.जोएकसंकीर्णखì (त्ंअपदम)कोघेरेरहतीहैं.राजगीरपहाड़ियाँबौद्धवजैनधर्मकातीर्थस्थलहै.येपहाड़ियाँमहात्माबुद्धकेजीवनसेजुड़ीहैं.इसकीअधिकतमऊँचार्इ388मीटरहै.


भारतकेउत्तर-पूर्वमेंमेघालयराज्यकेपूर्वीभागमेंखासी और जयन्तियाँ पहाड़ियाँविस्तृतहैं.ये14,364वर्गकिलोमीट रक्षेत्रमेंफैलीहैं.इसमेंमेघालयराज्यकीराजधानीभीस्थितहै,येउत्तरवपूर्वमेंअसम,दक्षिणमेंबांग्लादेष,पष्चिममेंगारोकीपहाड़ियोंसेघिरीहै.

नगा की पहाड़ियाँ

भारतम्यानमार सीमा पर स्थितनागापहाड़ियाँअराकानयोमाश्रेणियोंकाभागहै.इसकीउच्चतमषिखरजाप्रो3014मीटरऊँचीहै.1961तकयहअसमराज्यकाभागथीं,लेकिनअबनागालैण्डराज्समेंहैं.








पष्चिमी घाट के दक्षिण में नीलगिरि की पहाड़िया ँविस्तृत हैं, यहाँ ये पूर्वी घाट के पहाड़ों से मिल गया है नीलगिरि पर्वत की सबसे ऊँची चोटी दोदाबेटा (2637मीटर)हैं.



इलायची की पहाड़ियाँ

दक्षिण भारत में केरल के दक्षिण पूर्व में तमिलनाडु की सीमा के निकटइलायची की पहाड़ियाँहैं. इसकेपूर्वकेषिखर1370मीटरऊँचेहैं.कभी कभी पालाघाट के दक्षिण में पश्चिमी घाट केक्षेत्र कोभी इलायची कीपहाड़ियाँ कहा जाता है.इस पहाड़ी क्षेत्र मेंचाय, कॉफी, टीक, बाँस आदि उगाया जाताहै.

 स्रोत: मानचित्र अध्ययन भूगोल,उपकार प्रकाशन, डा. सी एल खन्ना एवं डा.एस पी सिंह  

Posted in Countries, Hindi Posts, India, map making, Mountains | Leave a comment

Using AIDR to Collect and Analyze Tweets from Chile Earthquake

Originally posted on iRevolution:

Wish you had a better way to make sense of Twitter during disasters than this?

Type in a keyword like #ChileEarthquake in Twitter’s search box above and you’ll see more tweets than you can possibly read in a day let alone keep up with for more than a few minutes. Wish there way were an easy, free and open source solution? Well you’ve come to the right place. My team and I at QCRI are developing the Artificial Intelligence for Disaster Response (AIDR) platform to do just this. Here’s how it works:

First you login to the AIDR platform using your own Twitter handle (click images below to enlarge):

AIDR login

You’ll then see your collection of tweets (if you already have any). In my case, you’ll see I have three. The first is a collection of English language tweets related to the Chile Earthquake. The second is a collection of Spanish tweets. The third is a collection…

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Urban Poverty and Urban Governance : Lok Sabha 2014

Originally posted on Terra Urban तेरा अर्बन:

by Abhishek Jha, PRIA

“Soul of India used to live in villages but in the present epoch of time most of its souls have deviated and migrated to cities and other urban spaces and they will continue to do so”. These were the words shared by one of the speakers during the PEPAC (Pre-Election Political Awareness Campaign) consultation at Bhagalpur, Bihar. If we analyse and reflect on the above mentioned quote, it clearly connotes and indicates towards the unplanned urban growth in our country, exactly like the disturbed and restless souls which doesn’t know which way they are heading. In the same context one of the urban sociologists coined a term called ‘Pseudo Urbanisation’  which broadly meant  a state or situation where the population of urban areas continue to grow  unprecedentedly without any improvement in core basic service for addressing the needs of its citizens.  This situation is being…

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56 इंच का सीना और बोलती बंद?

Originally posted on Kafila:

सरकती जाए है रुख़ से नक़ाब, अहिस्ता, अहिस्ता….
इसे कहते हैं ५६ इंच की छाती

इसे कहते हैं ५६ इंच की छाती

बहुत दहाड़ते हैं फेकू महाराज. गुजरात के शेर. 56 इंच के सीने वाले. यकीन न हो तो यह देख लीजिये बाएँ बाज़ू पर छपी तस्वीर. गरजते हुए शेर के कम लग रहे हैं? ऐसा दहाड़ना, ऐसा गरजना की अच्छे अच्छों की रूह कांप जाए. और क्यों न हो? कौन भूल सकता वो दिन – जिसे आज मीडिया की धुआंदार बमबारी भुला देने पर अमादा है. अंग्रेजी में एक शब्द है इस तरह की बमबारी के लिए – carpet bombing, यानि कालीन कि माफ़िक बम से ज़मीन को ढक देना. पिछले कुछ वक़्त से हमारी इन्द्रियों पर जो हमला हो रहा, कुछ इसी किस्म का है. मगर वो लाख चाहे कि इन महाशय की सारी करतूतें भुला दी जाएँ, ऐसा कैसे हो सकता है? जब जब यह शक्ल सामने आती है तब तब नाखूनों में खून…

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Ordering Food Online in Mumbai: The Best Website

Guest Post by Vijendra Dhanotiya

There are several incentives to ordering your dinner through a third party online website as opposed to getting it yourself manually or ordering it by phone. Mumbai has been late in coming up to the online delivery scenario of India, but it is finally acquired a place in the picture, thanks to foodpanda.in.

foodpanda pizza hutAbout foodpanda.in

Foodpanda is a website that is exclusively dedicated to holding an inventory of restaurants at its disposal which customers can look through at their website and select their favourite places to order food from them. it operates by far in about twenty cities in the country and is regarded as one of the best websites for online pizza orders.

How to Order Food

foodpanda INDIA
Regardless of where you are in Mumbai, there are a few restaurants nearby where you live which offer home delivery. If you were to resort to offline means of ordering, you would require having the contact details and the serving list of the restaurant you want at your hands. With foodpanda.in, all you have to do is to log into the website and enter your location into the search bar.

Once you feed in the location, the website would filter out restaurants from its database that are nearby you and list them out for you in order of proximity. This would typically include most Mumbai restaurants that you know to be around and have an idea of. You can either select one of the places you are familiar with or simply go for a new one and try your luck.

No Added Prices

For using foodpanda.in, what you pay on your bill is exactly the same as what is charged in the menu of the restaurant. The website charges no extra fees for the work that it does, and is therefore afoodpanda serving foods fail-safe a means for ordering food as is any other. What is more, the website offers you very high quality customer service, with professionals out there to help you out through a toll free number or through online chat options available on the website if you were to have a question or a complaint about an order.

Recorded Transaction

With most home delivery services carried out offline or by phone, there is often no exchange of documentation such as bills that you can keep in case you are not satisfied with your food. With foodpanda, the transaction is online and you always have records that you can keep.

Reviewing Option

If you feel the need to inform restaurant owners about flaws in their service or ways in which they can improve, you can always drop in a review with one of the restaurants you have ordered from. This would help the restaurants modify their flaws while at the same time make other users aware of the situation so as to help them make their choices when ordering through foodpanda.in. both these things put together, it is clear that the online deliver service makes Mumbai a much better place to eat out in.

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Chhipa : Dyeing and Painting People

The Chhipa are a community specializing in coloring and dyeing of clothes. They are found in Kathmandu (Nepal), Gujarat (India) and Karachi (Pakistan) .

Chhippa Hindus in South Asia

History and origin

In Nepal

The word chhipa is believed to come from two Nepali words, chhi (to dye) and pa (to leave something to bask in sun).

In India

The word chhipa is derived from the Gujarati word chhapa, which means to print. They are Rajput. The community was originally found in Nagaur in Rajasthan. After their settlement in rajsthan and Gujarat, the community took up the occupation of dyeing and printing clothes. The community speak Marwari, and are found mainly in rajshan (jodhpur, bikaner, nagaur, kuchaman, kuchera, churu, hudas and etc..) and in north Gujarat, in the districts of Ahmedabad, Nadiad, Baroda and Bharuch. Most Chhipa also speak Gujarati.[ Chhipa are also known as Chhimpa in Bikaner. In Punjab too, number of chippas live especially Bathinda, Malout, Muktsar, Moga and faridkot. There are 800 homes of Chippa in Bathinda alone. They belong to Sikhism. People from the chippa clan go to Ghuman Sahib to celebrate the birthday of Bhagat Namdev. Bhagat Namdev holy words are also in Guru Granth Sahib. Surnames or Gotras of Chippa family are Battu, Taggar, Rai, Kamboh, Saggu, Sran, bagria, Hallan, Chahil, Aulakh, Bedi, karir, Pharwaha, Neeraj, Sappal, garcha, Rattan, kainth, Jassal, vattu, Virpal, Braha or Birha, Rakhra, Purba, Gill (they are also found in Jatt clan) and Rohilla.

Some Kainth, Jassal, Rakhra, Birha and Vattu families live in Glasgow, Uk. They are migrated from Punjab (Moga, Kotkapura and Malout cities).

Now the Chhipa community is divided into a number of clans, known as ataks, the main ones being the Tak, Bhati, Deora, Chauhan and Molani,panwar ,rao,kukda Each of these clans are of equal status, and intermarry. But the community has a marked preference for cross cousin and parallel cousin marriages. Surnames or Gotras of Chippa family are Battu, Taggar, Rai, Kamboh, Saggu, Sran, Bagria, Hallan, Chahil, Aulakh, Bedi, karir, Pharwaha, Neeraj, Sappal, garcha, Rattan, kainth, Jassal (they are also found in Jatt clan) , Vattu, Virpal, Braha or Birha, Rakhra, Purba, Gill (they are also found in Jatt clan) and Rohilla.

Chhippa Muslims

There are also  around 80000 Chiippa  Muslims in India.There main language is urdu.

In Pakistan

Chhipa are a Sunni Hanafi Muslim Rajput community settled in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

Chippi is derived from the Hindi word chhapna, meaning printing. Though the traditional occupation of the Chippa is dyeing and printing cloth, many are now cloth merchants. The main marriage symbols for women are vermilion and toe-rings (bichua). Dowry is given in cash and kind. Remarriage (natra) is allowed for widows, widowers and divorcees. Their literacy rate is low, and only a few have received education up to the high school level.

There are semantic obstacles to their integration with modern society. This community speaks more than 20 languages, and each language sub-group may well need a separate outreach and church planting project.

Link(s),Source(s) and Inspiration(s):



Chhipa Welfare Association


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Save Millions by Changing Font:Teen’s “Million Dollar”Advice To Gvernments of the World

A US teen advised government to save millions by a simple method.

Click here to read how


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Scarry thoughts

Originally posted on geographical imaginations:

SCARRY Thermonuclear monarchy I imagine most readers will know Elaine Scarry ‘s vital account of The Body in Pain .  She has produced several important books since then, of course, but Scarry explains that her latest book, T hermonuclear monarchy: choosing between democracy and doom , published last month by Norton, emerged directly from her first:

It directly emerged from “The Body in Pain,” which has a first chapter on torture and a second on war. I was trying to address the question why when people prohibit torture they make it an absolute prohibition, but when they make a prohibition on war, they always make exceptions.

I realized that nuclear weapons much more approximate the condition of torture than of war. Torture involves zero consent on the part of the injured, whereas conventional war allows many levels of consent. With nuclear weapons, there’s zero consent.

There is an excellent, wide-ranging conversation between Scarry…

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Ahmedabad, the joyless city

Originally posted on Terra Urban तेरा अर्बन:

By Raksha Sharda

Very recently, President Pranab Mukherjee awarded Ahmedabad the glory of being one of the best cities under the Basic Services to the Urban Poor (BSUP) and Interest Subsidy Scheme for Housing the Urban Poor (ISHUP). But does the city deserve this award? Ahmedabad is the largest city in Gujarat and the seventh largest city in India. The total population of the city is around 5.5 million, of which about nine lakh reside in the slums with 710 in the city. In order to bring about a holistic approach for improving and upgrading the infrastructure facilities of slum settlements a flagship scheme — Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) — was initiated by the Government of India in 2005 identified cities, including Ahmedabad.

The physical progress of the JNNURM has been good with 33,824 dwelling units (DUs) being approved, of which 33,074 DUs have been completed and…

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New Plan Aims to Balance Urbanization of Land and People

Originally posted on A Layover in Wuhan:


On Sunday, China released a 31-point plan mapping out the next six years of the nation’s urban development. Between now and 2020, the government will take steps to modernize agriculture and transform into a consumer driven, service-based and environmentally friendly economy, all while ameliorating the various social and economic gaps between urban and rural, and coastal and inland that have widened since Deng Xiaoping opened the country to free market activity in 1978. China will also superintend the urbanization of an additional 100 million migrants into cities, while granting urban status to 100 million of 234 million total people who currently live in cities but can’t access basic services.

Social and economic imbalances featured prominently in the plan issued on Sunday. The document stated that while China’s urbanization rate has risen to 53%—lower still than nations with comparable per capita income levels—only about 36% are legal urban residents, meaning that…

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Course offering: mathematical sciences in obesity research UAB

Rashid Faridi:

Intersesting and useful course !!! :-)

Originally posted on ORGCOMPLEXITY:

The mathematical sciences including engineering, statistics, computer science, physics, econometrics, psychometrics, epidemiology, and mathematics qua mathematics are increasingly being applied to advance our understanding of the causes, consequences, and alleviation of obesity.  These applications do not merely involve routine well-established approaches easily implemented in widely available commercial software. Rather, they increasingly involve computationally demanding tasks, use and in some cases development of novel analytic methods and software, new derivations, computer simulations, and unprecedented interdigitation of two or more existing techniques. Such advances at the interface of the mathematical sciences and obesity research require bilateral training and exposure for investigators in both disciplines. This course on the mathematical sciences in obesity research features some of the world’s finest scientists working in this domain to fill this unmet need by providing nine topic driven modules designed to bridge the disciplines.

For full details of the course, please refer to the application &…

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Feel This Book

Originally posted on The Dish:

by Jessie Roberts

Researchers at MIT have developed a wearable reading device called Sensory Fiction:

Sensory Fiction was inspired by two sci-fi visions of what media in the future will look like. The first is Neil Stephenson’s steampunk classic, The Diamond Age, a novel that features interactive books with built in AIs. (The book that is often seen as the fictional inspiration for many of today’s technologies, like the iPad and Siri.) The other is The Girl Who Was Plugged In, a 1974 novella by James Tiptree, Jr. about a future in which the desperate are allowed to pay to take over the bodies of attractive human vessels.

“You feel this story in your gut,” Hope says about The Girl Who Was Plugged In. “It is an amazing example of the power of fiction to make us feel and empathize with a protagonist. Because our imaginations…

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NASA orbiter finds new gully channel on Mars

Originally posted on Science Post:

A comparison of images taken by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter in November 2010 and May 2013 reveal the formation of a new gully channel on a crater-wall slope in the southern highlands of Mars.
This pair of before (left) and after (right) images from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter documents formation of a new channel on a Martian slope between 2010 and 2013, likely resulting from activity of carbon-dioxide frost. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona

This pair of before (left) and after (right) images from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter documents formation of a new channel on a Martian slope between 2010 and 2013, likely resulting from activity of carbon-dioxide frost.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona

Gully or ravine landforms are common on Mars, particularly in the southern highlands. This pair of images shows that material flowing down from an alcove at the head of a gully broke out of an older route and eroded a new channel. The dates of the images are more than a full Martian year apart, so the observations did…

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A “paper town” which for a time was real

Originally posted on All Things Geography:

An interesting story I saw on NPR’s webpage today about a fake town that for a time became real. And it was all based on a map design trick used to prevent copies of maps from being spread around without permission.

An Imaginary Town Becomes Real, Then Not. True Story
March 18, 2014 4:43 PM

This is the story of a totally made-up place that suddenly became real — and then, strangely, undid itself and became a fantasy again. Imagine Pinocchio becoming a real boy and then going back to being a puppet. That’s what happened here — but this is a true story.

It’s about a place in upstate New York called Agloe. You can see it here, circled in blue …



… just up the road from Roscoe and Rockland.

In the 1930s (I learned from Frank Jacobs’ excellent blog, Strange Maps), there was…

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Setting up Solar Farm & its costs

Originally posted on India Farms Wiki:

To generate 1MW(lay man sense,1000 EB units per hour) power you would require 4 acres land. This can cost you about 8 crores.  You can get incentives from Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. It can pay itself in about 7 yrs and remaining 15yrs it would be free or for profit.

  • 1000 Units per hour,8 hrs of production = 8000 units
  • Govt can procure for about Rs 6 per unit. Fixed price for 25 years. Need a 33kv substation near by
  • 300 sunny days in a year
  • Approximately generates income of Rs 1.2 crores/year.
  • It works out to be IRR(Internal Rate of Return) 15% a year post tax

Further reading

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Tune in to Hear Jugraphia Slate Author Tegan Tallulah on Radio

Originally posted on Jugraphia Slate:

Dear Readers,You can hear our author Tegan Tallulah on radio on clicking the following link.

tune in here

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Results of the Crowdsourced Search for Malaysia Flight 370

Originally posted on iRevolution:

Malaysian authorities have now gone on record to confirm that Flight 370 was hijacked, which reportedly explains why contact with the passenger jet abruptly ceased a week ago. The Search & Rescue operations now involve 13 countries around the world and over 100 ships, helicopters and airplanes. The costs of this massive operation must easily be running into the millions of dollars.


Meanwhile, a free crowdsourcing platform once used by digital volunteers to search for Genghis Khan’s Tomb and displaced populations in Somalia (video below) has been deployed to search high-resolution satellite imagery for signs of the missing airliner. This is not the first time that crowdsourced satellite imagery analysis has been used to find a missing plane but this is certainly the highest profile operation yet, which may explain why the crowdsourcing platform used for the search (Tomnod) reportedly crashed for over a dozen of hours since…

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NASA-backed Study Says Humanity is Pretty Much Screwed

Originally posted on Exposing the Big Game:

Hope you’ve enjoyed civilized life, folks. Because a new study sponsored by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center says the world’s industrial societies are poised to collapse under the weight of their own unsustainable appetites for resources. There goes the weekend . . . and everything after it for the rest of our lives.

The research article appears in the peer-reviewed scientific journal Ecological Economics, but Dr. Nafeez Ahmed, executive director of the Institute for Policy Research & Development, has a more understandable (but no less harrowing) summary over at The Guardian. Either way, the news isn’t good—as the researchers point out, history doesn’t seem to hold out any favor for advanced societies.

The fall of the Roman Empire, and the equally (if not more) advanced Han, Mauryan, and Gupta Empires, as well as so many advanced Mesopotamian Empires, are all testimony to the fact that…

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Hunting for conservation?

Originally posted on Shonil Bhagwat:


Agro-silvo-pastoral system of Dehesa in southern Spain (Source: http://www.permaculturevoices.com)

On 9th February 2014 Prince William, second in line to the British throne, came under fire from conservationists.  Days before he was due to address a conference on illegal wildlife trade, he was spotted with his brother Harry and some other friends hunting wild boar in Spain.  The site of his crime would have looked somewhat similar to the landscape pictured above. On 12th February, the eve of the London Conference on Illegal Wildlife Trade, Prince William made a speech calling an end to wildlife crime and the illegal killing and trafficking of the world’ most iconic species.  The media were quick to spot the contradiction and to criticise the Prince for the “unfortunate timing” of his hunting trip.  The critiques remarked that Prince William, who is also President of a charity called United for Wildlife

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IFPRI Global Food Policy Report 2013

Originally posted on One Billion Hungry: Can We Feed the World?:

WAB_GFPR_2013_370x82_org Launched this week, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Global Food Policy Report 2013 sets out past developments and future directions in tackling hunger and malnutrition. 2014 is an important year for food and nutrition security as the final efforts towards reaching the Millennium Development Goals and the development of the post-2015 agenda are put into action.

Progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals has been mixed. Globally we are on track to halve poverty, increase access to drinking water and reduce the incidence of malaria and tuberculosis but those goals relating to hunger, child mortality, access to primary education, reproductive healthcare and sanitation largely remain beyond our reach. The Sustainable Development Goals will, however, propose targets even more ambitious: eliminating hunger by 2025, for example. They will also be expanded in scope, as discussed at the 2012 UN Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro, to cover…

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भारत के भौतिक विभाग


 इस मानचित्र में भारत के भौतिक विभागों को प्रदर्षित किया गया है-

1-         प्रथम भाग में देष का पर्वतीय भाग दर्षाया किया गया है

जो हिमालय प्रदेश है, इस भाग को चार उपविभागों में विभाजित किया गया है, 1 अ में हिमाचल प्रदेष हिमाचल, 1 व में उत्तरांचल हिमालय, 1 स में नेपाल या मध्य हिमालय और 1 द में असम हिमालय दिखाया गया है.

1 अ-यह सिन्धु नदी से सतलज नदी तक 570 किलो-मीटर लम्बार्इ में विस्तृत है, इसका क्षेत्रफल 45000 वर्ग किलोमीटर है, इस भाग में हिमालय की टाटाकुटी और ब्रह्मासकल चोटियाँ स्थित हैं तथा पीर पंजाल, छोटागली, नुरयूर, चोरगली, जामीर, बनीहाल, रोहतांग, बडालापचा, गुलाबधर, जोजीला और बुर्जिल दर्रे हैं.

1 -यह सतलज नदी से काली नदी तक 320 किलोमीटर लम्बार्इ में विस्तृत है. इस भाग में हिमालय की बद्रीनाथ, केदारनाथ, त्रि“ाूल, माना गंगोत्री, नन्दादेवी कामेत, जाओनली, नन्दाकोट, गंगोत्री और षिवलिंग चोटियाँ स्थित हैं, गंगा (भगीरथी) और यमुना नदियों का उद्गम भी इसी क्षेत्र से है.

       1 -यह काली नदी व तिस्ता के मध्य 800 किलोमीटर लम्बार्इ में फैला हुआ है, इसका कुल क्षेत्रफल 116800 वर्ग किलोमीटर है, इसकी औसत ऊँचार्इ 6250 मीटर है. इस भाग में सिक्किम हिमालय, दार्जिलिंग हिमालय और भूटान हिमालय “ाामिल हैं, इस भाग की सबसे उँची चोटियाँ, एवरेस्ट, कंचनजंधा अन्नपूर्णा प्, धौलागिरि गोसार्इथान, चोचू, मकालू आदि स्थित हैं.

       1 -यह तिस्ता नदी से ब्रह्मपुत्र नदी तक 750 किलोमीटर की लम्बार्इ में विस्तृत है. इसका क्षेत्रफल 67500 वर्ग किलोमीटर है. इस श्रेणी का ढाल मैदान की ओर बड़ा तेज है. किन्तु पष्चिम की ओर क्रमष: धीमा होता गया है. इसकी प्रमुख चोटियाँ कुला, कांगड़ी, चुमलहाटी, काबरू, जाग सांगला आदि है।

2-         द्वितीय भाग में गंगा-सतलज का मैदान प्रदर्षित किया गया है

यह मैदान पूर्व में 145 किलोमीटर से लगाकर पष्चिम में 480 किलोमीटर चौड़ा है तथा 2414 मिलोमीटर की लम्बार्इ में धनुश आकार में विस्तृत है, श्ह मैदान सतलज, गंगा और ब्रह्मपुत्र तथा उनकी सहायक नदियों द्वारा लाकर जमा की गर्इ काँन मिट्टी से निर्मित है. यह अत्यन्त उपजाऊ मैदान है. इस मैदान का ढाल समतल है, अत: ऊँचे भाग बहुत ही कम हैं. इस भाग में उत्तरी व पष्चिमी राजस्थान, पंजाब, हरियाणा, उत्तर प्रदेष, बिहार, उड़ीसा, पष्चिम बंगाल और असम का आधा भाग सम्मिलित है. इसके दो भाग हैं-(1) पष्चिमी मैदान और (2) पूर्वी मैदान.

पष्चिमी मैदान पंजाब, हरियाणा तथा राजस्थान में फैला हुआ है. इस भाग में सतलज, व्यास और रावी नदियाँ बहती हैं. इस भाग में मिट्टी के उभरे हुए टीले (दंडे) अधिक पाए जाते हैं. कहीं-कहीं इन टीलों के मध्य निम्न भूमि भी मिलती है. यह मैदान अधिकतर “ाुश्क और विशम जलवायु वाला है. इस मैदान का सुदूर पष्चिमी भाग धार का मरूस्थल है. यह 644 किलोमीटर लम्बा और 360 किलोमीटर चौड़ा है, यहाँ रेत के टीले स्थित हैं. बालू के इन टीलों की ऊँचार्इ 120 से 150 मीटर तक है. अधिकांष टीले 3 से 5 किलोमीटर लम्बे और 15 से 18 मीटर तक ऊँचे है.

पूर्वी मैदान उत्तर प्रदेष, बिहार, झारखण्ड और पष्चिम बंगाल तक विस्तृत है. इससे गंगा व उसकी सहायक नदियों द्वारा लार्इ बारीक काँप मिट्टी की तहें जमती रहती हैं. इसमें दोआब क्षेत्र, रूहेलखण्ड का मैदान, अवध का मैदान, गोमती का मैदान, उत्तरी बिहार का मैदान, झारखण्ड का मैदान, उत्तरी बंगाल का मैदान तथा गंगा और ब्रह्मपुत्र नदी का डेल्टा “ाामिल है. गंगा के डेल्टा के उत्तर पूर्व में ब्रह्मपुत्र का पैदान विस्तृत है. यह गारो और हिमालय पहाड़ के मध्य में एक लम्बा और संकरी पट्टीनुमा मैदान है.

 3-         तृतीय भाग में प्रायद्वीपीय पठार को दर्षाया गया है

सतलज और गंगा के दक्षिण में विस्तृत है. यह राजस्थान से कुमारी अन्तरीप तक 1700 किलोमीटर लम्बार्इ में और गुजरात से पष्चिम बंगाल तक 1400 किलोमीटर चौड़ार्इ में विस्तृत है. इसका आकार त्रिभुजाकार है जिसका चौड़ा भाग उत्तर की ओर और संकरा भाग दक्षिण की ओर है. पठार में उत्तर में अरावली, विन्ध्याचल और सतपुड़ा की पहाड़ियाँ हैं. इस प्रायद्वीप की औसत ऊँचार्इ 487 से 762 मीटर तक है. इसका क्षेत्रफल 7 लाख वर्ग किलोमीटर है. प्रायद्वीप के अन्तर्गत दक्षिणाी-पूर्वी राजस्थान, मध्य प्रदेष, झारखण्ड, महाराश्ट्र, उड़ीसा, कर्नाटक, आन्ध्र प्रदेष का पष्चिमी भाग, तमिलनाडु आदि राज्य “ाामिल हैं. प्रायद्वीप भारत की प्राचीनतम कठोर चट्टानों का बना वह भूभाग है जिसका क्षरण मौसमी क्षति की क्रियाओं द्वारा होता रहा है.

 प्रायद्वीपपीय पठार में अरावली की पहाड़ियाँ, विन्ध्याचल, मालवा का पठार, बधेलखण्ड का पठार, नर्मदा-ताप्ती की घाटियाँ, महादेव, मैकाल, कैमूर, बाराकर और राजमहल की पहाड़ियाँ, भण्डार पठार, रीवा पठार में हजारीबाग का पठार; कोडरमा का पठार, रांची का पठार, तथा राजमहल, पारसनाथ, डालमा और पोराहाट श्रेणियाँ मुख्य हैं.

 4-         चतुर्थ भाग में तटीय मैदान दिखाया गया है

 दक्षिण पठार के पूर्व और पष्चिम की ओर पूर्वी तथा पष्चिमी घाट और समुद्र के बीच में समुद्रतटीय मैदान स्थित है. पष्चिम की ओर पष्चिमी समुद्रतटीय मैदान और पूर्व की ओर पूर्वी तटीय मैदान है. पष्चिमी मैदान के अन्तर्गत गुजरात का मैदान, कोंकण का तटीय मैदान, मालावार का तटीय मैदान, केरल का तटीय मैदान स्थित है. पूर्वी मैदान के अन्तर्गत उत्कल का मैदान, आन्ध्र का मैदान, तमिलनाडु का मैदान आदि सम्मिलित हैं.

 स्रोत: मानचित्र अध्ययन भूगोल,उपकार प्रकाशन, डा. सी एल खन्ना एवं डा.एस पी सिंह

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Sankalp Patra – A written Assurance from Political Parties

Originally posted on Terra Urban तेरा अर्बन:

As on one side political parties are busy in the preparation of  2014 loksabha elections, at the same time on the other side, we the members of Civil Society organizations are also visioning this elections period as a first-rate & lucrative  opportunities  to stimulate & encourage the common people to put their demand before the political parties. In this tune PRIA through FIUPW forum at National level & through intervention in 11 states of the country along with local partners organization running PEPAC campaign to bring the issues of Urban poverty as a main concern for the political parties and making efforts for  placing  it as a separate agenda in their political manifesto. In this regard in alliance with our partner in different state we are organizing State & Commissionare level consultation on “Urban poverty & urban governance”for putting the urban poverty on political agenda & highlighting the issues pertaining…

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दक्षिण पूर्व एशिया (SouthEast Asia)

दक्षिण पूर्व एशिया या दक्षिण एशिया, एशिया  का एक उपप्रदेश है जो भौगोलिक रूप से चीन के दक्षिण के देशों,  भारत के पूर्वी न्यू गिनी  के पश्चिमी, ऑस्ट्रेलिया के उत्तरी देशों से मिलकर बनता है .

यह क्षेत्र  भूगर्भीय प्लेटो के चौराहे पर स्थितं  है। इस कारण

यहाँ  भूकंप और भारी ज्वालामुखी गतिविधि  पायी जाती है।

दक्षिण पूर्व एशिया के दो मुख्य भौगोलिक क्षेत्र  हैं:

मुख्यभूमि :, इंडोचीन के रूप में भी जाना जाता है, जिसमें कंबोडिया , लाओस , म्यांमार ( बर्मा ), थाईलैंड , और वियतनाम हैं ।

समुद्री दक्षिण पूर्व एशिया  जिसमें शामिल हैं, ब्रुनेई , मलेशिया , पूर्वी तिमोर , इंडोनेशिया , फिलीपींस , और सिंगापुर .

दक्षिण पूर्व एशिया  प्रमुख धर्म हैं बौद्ध धर्म , ताओ धर्म , इस्लाम , ईसाइयत .  हालांकि, धर्मों की एक विस्तृत विविधता क्षेत्र भर में पाई जाती है। हिंदू धर्म और कई अनिमिस्टिक प्रभावित प्रथाओं वाले धर्म भी पाये जाते हैं।


  • ब्रुनेई
  • पोरवी तिमोर
  • कंबोडिया
  • इंडोनेशिया
  • लाओस
  • मलेशिया
  • म्यांमार
  • फिल्लीपाइन्स
  • सिंगापुर
  • थायलैंड
  • वियतनाम

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Difference between solar time and clock time mapped by Google engineer (link)

The map developed by Google engineer Stefano Maggiolo shows the difference between ‘clock time’ and ‘solar time’— a schedule in which the sun is at its highest point in the sky at exactly 12 noon. The map was inspired by Maggiolo’s trip to Spain where he discovered that Madrid”s sunset is more than an hour later than that of Naples. This is because of the latitude and earth’s tilt as it moves around the sun causing solar days to vary throughout the year.

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First City,First Planned City and Origin of the Word ‘Town’

First City of the World- Ur   

Archaeologists have discovered evidences of an early occupation at Ur during the Ubaid period. These early levels were sealed off with a sterile deposit of soil that was interpreted by excavators of the 1920s as evidence for the Great Flood of the book of Genesis and Epic of Gilgamesh. It is now understood that the South Mesopotamian plain was exposed to regular floods from the Euphrates and the Tigris rivers, with heavy erosion from water and wind. The further occupation of Ur only becomes clear during its emergence in the third millennium BC although it must already have been a growing urban center during the fourth millennium. The third millennium BC is generally described as the Early Bronze Age of Mesopotamia, which ends approximately after the end of the Third Dynasty of Ur in the 21st century BC.

Ur was an important Sumerian city-state in ancient Mesopotamia located at the site of modern Tell el-Muqayyar  in Iraq’s Dhi Qar Governorate. Once a coastal city near the mouth of the Euphrates on the Persian Gulf, Ur is now well inland, south of the Euphrates on its right bank, 16 kilometres  from Nasiriyah.

The site is marked by the ruins of the Ziggurat of Ur, which contained the shrine of Nanna, excavated in the 1930s. The temple was built in the 21st century BC , during the reign of Ur-Nammu and was reconstructed in the 6th century BC by Nabonidus, the Assyrian born last king of Babylon. The ruins cover an area of 1,200 metres  northwest to southeast by 800 metres  northeast to southwest and rise up to about 20 metres  above the present plain level.

First Planned City of World

Derry, officially Londonderry, is believed to be the first ever planned city of the world and is second-largest city in Northern Ireland and the fourth-largest city on the island of Ireland. The name Derry is an anglicisation of the Irish name Daire or Doire meaning “oak grove”. In 1613, the city was granted a Royal Charter by King James I and the “London” prefix was added, changing the name of the city to Londonderry. While the city is more usually known as Derry, Londonderry is also used and remains the legal name.


A town is a human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city. The size definition for what constitutes a “town” varies considerably in different parts of the world.

Origin and Use of the Term Town

The word town shares an origin with the German word Zaun, the Dutch word tuin, and the Old Norse tun. The German word Zaun comes closest to the original meaning of the word: a fence of any material.

In English and Dutch, the meaning of the word took on the sense of the space which these fences enclosed. In England, a town was a small city that could not afford or was not allowed to build walls or other larger fortifications, and built a palisade (a fence or wall made from wooden stakes or tree trunks and used as a defensive structure.) or stockade (an enclosure of palisades and tall walls made of logs placed side by side vertically with the tops sharpened to provide security) instead. In the Netherlands, this space was a garden, more specifically those of the wealthy, which had a high fence or a wall around them (like the garden of palace Het Loo in Apeldoorn, which was the example for the privy garden of William and Mary at Hampton Court). In Old Norse tun means a grassy place between farmhouses, and is still used in a similar meaning in modern Norwegian.

In Old English and Early and Middle Scots, the word ton, toun, etc. could refer to kinds of settlements as diverse as agricultural estates and holdings, partly picking up the Norse sense (as in the Scots word fermtoun) at one end of the scale, to fortified municipality at the other. If there was any distinction between toun (fortified municipality) and burgh (unfortified municipality) as claimed by some, it did not last in practice as burghs and touns developed. For example “Edina Burgh” or “Edinburgh” ( a city today) was built around a fort and eventually came to have a defensive wall.

In some cases, “town” is an alternate name for “city” or “village” ,especially a larger village. Sometimes, the word “town” is short for “township”. In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town’s population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry, commerce, and public service rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities.

A place’s population size is not a reliable determinant of urban character. In many areas of the world, as in India at least until recent times, a large village might contain several times as many people as a small town. In the United Kingdom, there are historical cities that are far smaller than the larger towns!

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Rice Farmer – Veitnam – Thomas Jeppesen

Originally posted on Ajaytao 2010:

Rice farmer - Thomas Jeppesen

Rice farmer – Thomas Jeppesen

Rice fields in Vietnam are the predominant land use in the valley of the Red River and the Mekong Delta. In the Red River Delta of northern Vietnam, farmers must dam up (nowadays 3000 km long) against the annual flood. In the Mekong Delta of southern Vietnam, there is an interlacing drainage and irrigation canal system that has become the symbol of this area and impacts on the lifestyle of local people. In Northwestern Vietnam, Thai people built their “valley culture” based on the economic foundation of glutinous rice upland fields.

Wet-rice farming requires that plants stand in water during early stages of their growth. The water then must be drained away before the rice fully ripens for harvesting.

In Vietnamese literature, a rice field is described as wide enough for a flock of storks to span their wings across: “đồng lúa thẳng cánh cò…

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Whole Earth Summit: An online conference to inspire and create a more resilient world

Originally posted on The Noah Project:

EPIC EVENT ALERT [Free & Online]:   42 extraordinary visionaries , including  Vandana Shiva, Bill McKibben, Charles Eisenstein, Joel Salatin , the founders of the Small Planet Fund, Living Building Challenge, Transition Town, Pachamama Alliance, Bioneers, Appropedia, Kid’s Right to Know, Wise Women Tradition, and many others are joining together to share valuable insights around food, water, the commons, ecological activism, regenerative design, social transformation, collective vision and practical models for making a difference.

The Whole Earth Summit airs March 11-13. Free registration is now available online atwww.WholeEarthSummit.org. Participants will have access to conversations with all 42 presenters–some of the world’s leading changemakers who will be sharing their stories, strategies and visions for a whole earth.

Co-producers, Janell Kapoor and Stacey Murphy, say that their goal is “to inspire all of us in creating regenerative communities and a more resilient world.”

Through the generosity of the…

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The new New Urbanism: Fast, nimble, flexible, and tactical

Originally posted on Grist:

Urban Project LodgeCreating the new New Urbanism, on the street in Madison, with plenty of beer.Photo: Aurash KhawarzadLast week, the Congress for the New Urbanism (CNU) held its 19th annual meeting in Madison, Wisc. You may not have heard of the CNU, but you have almost certainly seen its influence in American development. The movement — which actually kicked off 30 years ago in Seaside, Fla., the town that later served as a set for The Truman Show — isn’t so new anymore. Its ideals of density and walkability, with their attendant environmental benefits, have been absorbed into the planning practices of many municipalities around the country. The New Urbanism has, in many ways, become an old-school orthodoxy.

Still, there were a lot of young people at the conference — planners, architects, engineers — who are excited about taking urbanism forward. Members of the CNU NextGen group could often…

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More crops per drop!

Originally posted on India Farms Wiki:

It’s eye opener to learn how we waste water in conventional irrigation method and yet end up with lower production. So go for drip irrigation,increase your farm income. Another benefit is if you are cropping 1 acre land based on available water and drip irrigation saves about 50% then you can actually crop in 2 acres for the same quantity of available water.
Water Requirement(cm) Yield(q/ha) Savings %
Surface Drip Surface Drip Water Yield
Pomegranate 21 16 34 67 24 97
Cauliflower 27 18 171 274 33 60
Radish 46 11 11 12 76 13
Tomato 50 11 62 89 79 44
Onion 52 26 284 342 50 20
Grape 53 28 264 325 47 23
Lady’s Finger 54 9 100 113 84 13
Cucumber 54 24 155 225 56 45
Potato 60 28 172 291 54 69
Sweet Potato 63 25 42 59 60 39
Broccoli 70 60 140

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The Indian mind

Originally posted on travelerreport:

Hindu ascetic. India.

Hindu ascetic. India.

Because India is blessed by a warm climate, a rich soil, abundant productivity and easy communication, the ( traditional) Indian mind feel in harmony with the nature, with the universe. Contrary to the western mind that assigns great importance to the struggle between man and his physical environment and regards the conquest of nature as the key to cultural progress, the ( traditional) Indian mind doesn’t regard the world as a place full of forces that have to be fought and dominated but as a place where man has to adapt.

One would expect that in a mind where contemplation dominates, passion and desires would not be very strong. But that is not the case with the Indian temperament which is emotional and imaginative. Emotionalism and sensuousness are essential characteristics of the Indian mind, but these tendencies being opposed to the speculative trend, there is always a strong…

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Pesticide use in India

Originally posted on India Farms Wiki:

Pesticides Usage by States
State Total pesticides consumed
Uttar Pradesh 39948
Punjab 29235
Haryana 21908
Maharashtra 16480
Rajasthan 15239
Gujarat 13430
Tamil Nadu 12851
All India 210,600

Top Pesticides

Pesticide (Technical Grade) Quantity consumed
(metric tonnes)
Sulphur (fungicide) 16424
Endosulfan (insecticide) 15537
Mancozeb (fungicide) 11067
Phorate (insecticide) 10763
Methyl Parathion (insecticide) 8408
Monocrotophos (insecticide) 8209
Cypermethrin (insecticide) 7309
Isoproturon (herbicide) 7163
Chlorpyrifos (insecticide) 7163
Malathion (insecticide) 7103
Carbendazim (fungicide) 6767
Butachlor (herbicide) 6750
Quinalphos (insecticide) 6329
Copper oxychloride 6055
Dichlorvos (insecticide) 5833

Source: http://indiaforsafefood.in/farminginindia

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Slow Poisoning of India

Originally posted on India Farms Wiki:

Documentary film exposes the source of various health issues originates from excessive use of pesticides in the farm.  Therefore it is suggested we switch to organic farming.

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Originally posted on Terra Urban तेरा अर्बन:

By Shivani Singh, PRIA

As urban areas are sprawling more in comparison to rural areas, similarly urban poverty issues are also gaining momentum in development sector. There is seen a change in outlook towards the urban poor and their contribution towards building the city. Hence referred as ‘city makers’ by a Delhi based NGO named IGSSS working with the mandate for a humane social order based on truth, justice, freedom and equity.

In order to understand urban poverty a two day event was being organized by IGSSS. The objective of the workshop was to understand the existing initiatives of IGSSS and those of other organization working in the urban domain as well as to understand the existing legal framework applicable for various categories of urban poor in India so as to explore programmatic opportunities for IGSSS. The discussions contributed towards broadening IGSSS’ urban poverty programme.

In the event representatives from…

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अब 3डी मैप तैयार कर सकता है आपका फोन

गूगल ने एक ऐसा स्मार्टफ़ोन तैयार किया है जो यूज़र के आस-पास का 3डी मैप तैयार कर सकता है। स्मार्टफ़ोन में विशेष तौर से इसी काम के लिए बने हार्डवेयर और सॉफ्टवेयर का इस्तेमाल किया गया है।

गूगल ने ‘कस्टमाइज्ड हार्डवेयर और सॉफ्टवेयर’ वाले इस नए स्मार्टफ़ोन का प्रोटोटाइप (परीक्षण स्तर का नमूना मॉडल) जारी किया है।


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This is the biggest thing to happen to reading since paper

Originally posted on Quartz:

Spritz is an app that feeds you emails one word at a time , supposedly to make you read faster and more efficiently. Not a new concept , but the developers say the app will have a unique focus on centering each word on a single point. So basically, your eyes will never have to move.

I was skeptical. After all, we read words using the context of other words around them—especially when we’re on the web. Some people even unintentionally speed read by skimming and scanning entire paragraphs at once. As someone who has no trouble zipping through an email, I was sure that Spritz would drive me up the wall.

Sure enough, the lowest text speed (250 words per minute) shown on the website felt maddeningly slow:

But then I tried 350 words per minute, and it was…tolerable, at least. It felt pretty much like reading normally…

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Agriculture Income

Originally posted on India Farms Wiki:

Certain income which is treated as Agriculture Income
  • Income from sale of replanted trees.
  • Rent received for agricultural land.
  • Income from growing flowers and creepers.
  • Share of profit of a partner from a firm engaged in agricultural operations.
  • Interest on capital received by a partner from a firm engaged in agricultural operations.
  • Income derived from sale of seeds.

Certain income which is not treated as Agricultural Income

  • Income from poultery farming.
  • Income from bee hiving.
  • Income from sale of  spontaneously grown trees.
  • Income from dairy farming.
  • Purchase of standing crop.
  • Dividend paid by a company out of its agriculture income.
  • Income of salt produced by flooding the land with sea water.
  • Royalty income from mines.
  • Income from butter and cheese making.
  • Receipts from TV serial shooting in farm house is not agriculture income.

When you have more than Rs 5,000 from Agri income and Rs 2L(most of us) or 2.5L(above…

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