Eight Cities of Delhi

One would be tempted to think and argue that the cities of Delhi were in reality less or more than seven. But the accepted number is seven (excluding New Delhi) and these are cities whose remains are extant. Historians speak of the “Seven Cities of Delhi” but, between 1100 A.D. and 1947 A.D., there have been eight of them:

  • The oldest city near the site of the Qutab Minar-Mahrauli

Mehrauli  is in the neighbourhood in the South West district of Delhi in India. It . The area is located close to Gurgaon and next to Vasant Kunj.

  • Siri

Siri was built during the rule of Ala-ud-Din Khalji of the Delhi Sultanate to defend the city from the onslaught of the Mongols. It was the second of the seven cities of medieval Delhi built around 1303 (stated to be the first entirely constructed by Muslims), which at present is seen only in ruins with a few remnants.

  • Tughlqabad

Built by Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, the founder of Tughlaq dynasty, of the Delhi Sultanate in 1321, which was later abandoned in 1327. It gets its name from the nearby Tughlaqabad area. Tughalaq also built Qutub-Badarpur Road, which connected the new city to the G.T Road. The road is known as Mehrauli-Badarpur Road.

  • Jahanpanah

Jahanpanah was the next (fourth) city of Delhi established in 1326–1327 by king Muhammad bin Tughlaq (1321–51), of the Delhi Sultanate. To ward off the perpetual threat of the Mongol warriors, Tughlaq built the fortified city of Jahanpanah ( which means in Persian: “Refuge of the World”) absorming the Adilabad fort that had been built in the 14th century and also all the establishments lying between Qila Rai Pithora and Siri Qila.The city doesn’t exist now.

  • Firozobad

Firozobad was built by Sultan Feroz Shah Tughlaq to house his concept of  Delhi city called Ferozabad. A gleaming polished pillar from the 3rd century B.C. rises from the palace’s crumbling remains, one of many pillars of Ashoka left by the Mauryanemperor; it was moved from Pong Ghati Ambala, Punjab (currently in Haryana) and re-erected in its current location in 1356.

  • The city around Purana Qila

Purana Qila is oldest among all forts in Delhi and, in fact, the oldest known structure of in Delhi. It was rebuilt by the  Sher Shah Suri, on the same site, which was perhaps also the site of Indraprastha, famously believed to be the capital of the legendary Pandavas. Sher Shah built Purana-Qal’a with an extensive city-area sprawling around it. Purana Qila was still incomplete at Sher Shah’s death in 1545, and was completed by his son Islam Shah or Humayun, although it is not certain which parts were built by whom. It’s located at the site of the legendary city of Indraprastha; that was founded by Pandavas on the banks of perennial river Yamuna, which is revered by Hindus since ages, points to the possibility of this site’s history dating back to nearly more than 5000 years old. Consequently, the fort is considered by some, to be ‘the first city of Delhi. Researchers now confirm
that up to 1913, a village called Indrapat existed within the fort. Excavations by Archaeological Survey of India  at Purana Quila in 1954-55 ( and again 1969 to 1973 have unearthed Painted Grey Ware dating 1000 B.C

Shahjahanabad (Old-Delhi)

Old Delhi or Purani Dilli as it is known today , was built and named as Shahjahanabad  by Mughal Emperor  Shahjahan in A.D 1639. Old Delhi functioned as the capital city of the Mughals until the end days of the Mughals  It once housed mansions of nobles and members of the royal court and elegant mosques and gardens. Today, despite having become extremely crowded, still serves as the symbolic heart of metropolitan Delhi.

  • New Delhi

New Delhi or Lutyens’ Delhi is an area in Delhi, specifically New Delhi, India.It was named after the leading British architect Edwin Lutyens (1869–1944), who was the architect and designer of New Delhi including the Lutyens Bungalow Zone (LBZ).Today’s Delhi is a modern city and is well knit on the internet world. If you want to buy anything in today’s Delhi , you can do on Free classifieds web Linking. OLX is a natural choice for it.

The foundation stone of the city was laid down by George V,  during famous Delhi Durbar held in 1911. It was designed by British architects, Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker. The new capital of India was inaugurated on 13 February 1931, by Viceroy Lord Irwin.

    Each of these cities grew round a particular palace – fort of a particular dynasty and every dynasty wished to have a new seat pf power for consideration of prestige. Even the Kings of the same dynasty had this ambition and realized their dream if they had the resources to do so. With each successive reign, some distinctive architectural features were added. Often some important new buildings would, rise, something monumental – whether a mosque or a tomb, a palace, a fortress or a victory-tower.

About these ads
Posted in Cities, Glimpses of Our Cities, India | Leave a comment

Nepal. Kathmandu.” Wired.”

Originally posted on Natalia Maks:

The amount of wires and cables on the streets of Kathmandu can complete only with some Indian cities. They took over the skies and created their own very chaotic dark design. They draw my attention by creating the nests, or a net pattern against the houses or skies. This outdated urban necessity is still there, and you just have to unleash your imagination  and guess how many times the Nepali might have the power shortage due to those dangerous “Medusas”.

IMG_6094 copyIMG_6138 copyIMG_6243 copyIMG_6262 copyIMG_6367 copyIMG_6475 copyIMG_7518 copy IMG_6077 copyIMG_6073 copy

View original

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

World Map (Center for Geographic Analysis at Harvard University)

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Kanyakumari: The Ultimate!

Guest Post by Ashley Armstrong

At the southernmost part of India is Kanyakumari, a place of scenic beauty and breath taking architecture. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in South India. It is the perfect place to see sunrise and also to observe the waters of Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea getting combined into the Indian Ocean. The beauty of this place lies in its wealthy cultural heritage, ancient temples, multi-colored sands and dramatic sunsets and sunrises.

Most people travel to India for Medical attentions e.g. bypass surgery which is relatively cheap in India. Some visit India for Yoga; others to experience the majestic beauty of its beaches. Kanyakumari is one place where you can find all this attractions. Depicting the rich culture of the region, Kanyakumari temples are well-known for its architectural magnificence. Among the popular tourist places in Kanyakumari are Vivekananda Rock Memorial, Gandhi Memorial, Kanyakumari beach and Kumari Amman Temple. 

Beaches in Kanyakumari 

The beach in Kanyakumari is a spectacular natural beauty and attracts thousands of visitors every year. It is strategically situated at the confluence of the three seas – Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea. The beach which is characterized by multi-colored sand is a beautiful sight to behold. There is also a lighthouse from where you can enjoy a panoramic view of the ocean. The Kanyakumari Temple or the Kumar Amman, located on the shoreline, has been committed to the manifestation of Parvati

The Vivekananda Rock

Kanyakumari is renowned world over for its Vivekananda rock which is a gigantic stone mounting out of the sea. It is believed that; this is the place/stone where Swami Vivekananda prayed and meditated and is therefore considered a holy place among the followers of Vivekananda. Here the wave’s pounder furiously against the rocks and the sea is almost always rough.

The culture

Kanyakumari’s rich and mixed culture is reflected in its building, art and even in its cuisine. The name Kanyakumari was derived from Kanyakumari temple which is majestically located at the confluence of the three oceans. Other famous temple here are the Temple of the Goddess Bhagavathi, Kumari Amman temple etc. 

Vattakottai Fort

This sea side fort was built in 18th century by the Travancore kingdom with the aim of providing defense to the coastal region. The fort has rectangle shape and covers an area of approximately three and half acres. The walls are 25 to 26ft high 

Things to do

With all these attractive features, you can be sure of having a wonderful time in Kanyakumari. There are plenty of fun things to do here. For instance, you can relax and unwind at the beaches in Kovalam and Kanyakumari or you can also visit Kerala (a nearby town) for oil massage or Ayurveda massage and yoga. You can also choose this place for medical tourism particularly for cardiac related issues. It also has numerous medical colleges 

Kanyakumari is one of the most magnificent places in the world that offers incredible sightseeing opportunities to tourist. Blessed with ideal climate, Kanyakumari is one place that you can visit anytime of the year. It is also blessed with many hidden treasures that you can explore. Apply for your ESTA today and get to experience the wonders of this place.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment