The right to the city is an idea and a slogan first proposed by Henri Lefebvre in his 1968 book Le Droit à la Ville. This idea has been taken up more recently by social movements, thinkers, and certain progressive local authorities as a call to action to reclaim the city as a co-created space: a place for life detached from the growing effects that commodification and capitalism are proposed to have had over social interaction and the rise of posited spatial inequalities in worldwide cities throughout the last two centuries.
According to Lefebvre (1978; 341) space is not independent from the power relations. It is political and ideological, and it is a product filled with ideologies.”
Weber, considers the city as an analogous subject of transformation from feudalism to capitalism. While focusing on economic and political organization in the conceptualization of city, he also underlines commerce as economic activity and relative characteristics of city as politics (Saunders: 1981).
Durkheim,explains city as an advanced level of labour division, solidarity among people and roles of these people. According to Marx, on the other hand, city is an arena of class division and struggle. Like Weber, Marx argues that city has crucial role for capitalist development. Like Marx, Engels considers city as an indicator of the capitalist class structure and relationship (Katznelson: 1992).
Urban Space becomes the Shaper for thoughts and ideologies. Activities and the ideological and concepts of social processes are related to space. To assess the effects of ideologies within urban space, there is a need for analyzing the urbanization in terms of social thinking. In order to understand social phenomena, it is also important to consider their spatial determinations, and their reflection in the urban.