There are 37 Indian cities among the world’s 300 fastest growing urban centres, according to a survey conducted by the City Mayors Foundation, an global think tank on urban affairs.
Beihai in China is the fastest growing city in the world, with a population growth rate of 10.58 per cent, says the survey. Sana’a in Yemen, with a population growth rate of 5 per cent, is the world’s third fastest growing city.
Kabul in Afghanistan (4.74 per cent), Bamako in Mali (4.45 per cent), Lagos in Nigeria (4.44 per cent) are the 5th, 6th and 7th fastest growing urban centres in the world. Dar es Salaam in Tanzania (4.39 per cent) and Chittagong in Bangladesh (4.29 per cent) are the 9th and the 10th fastest growing cities in the world.
The economic boom has been a catalyst for the fast-track development across India. The nation’s development has now shifted from the big metropolitan cities to the smaller cities where the cost of living is much lower and the quality of life far better.
Also with small cities offering better infrastructure, better work-life balance and lucrative jobs, the boom is evident. Although there’s still some way to go for smaller Indian cities to be counted amongst India’s best, they have already caught up with (in some case even beaten), the bigger ones in terms of fast-paced development and urbanization.
A rapidly expanding and industrially booming city, Ghaziabad is home to some of the world’s best and biggest shopping malls and multiplexes.
The construction boom in Ghaziabad is nothing short of phenomenal.
Ghaziabad’s average annual population growth rate: 5.20%
The City Mayors Foundation has ranked these cities assuming annual growth rates for urban areas between the years 2006 and 2020. The study places special emphasis on growth/decline in the past and forecasts for the future made by international and national statistical organisations.Surat, India’s diamond city, is India’s second-fastest and the world’s fourth-fastest growing city.
Surat average annual population growth rate: 4.99 per cent
The largest city in Haryana, Faridabad is the major industrial hub of the state. According to reports, the city accounts for half of the income tax collected in the state and about 60 per cent of Haryana’s revenue.
Faridabad, says City Mayors, is India’s 3rd fastest growing city and the eighth fastest growing urban centre in the world.
Faridabad’s average annual population growth rate: 4.44 per cent
Nashik, the ‘wine capital of India’, is located about 200 km from Mumbai. It has been ranked as India’s fourth fastest growing city and the 16th fastest growing in the world.
The city’s demographics make it ideal for the services sector boom that it is experiencing. The industrial sector too is growing rapidly in Nashik.
Nashik’s average annual population growth rate: 3.90 per cent
Patna, the capital of Bihar, is a major agricultural hub with its production of foodgrain, sugarcane, rice, etc making it one of the major exporting centres.Under the new government, headed by Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, the state has seen rapid growth and Patna, by far, has been one of the biggest benefactors of this thrust on development.In 2009, the World Bank ranked Patna as the second best city in India to start up a business. The city also has lowest slum population of any city in India.Patna is India’s 5th fastest growing city and the 21st fastest growing city in the world, according to the study.Patna’s average annual population growth rate: 3.72%
Rajkot, one of the largest cities in Gujarat, is the nation’s 6th fastest growing city. It has been ranked by City Mayors as the 22nd fastest growing urban area in the world.
Rajkot’s average annual population growth rate: 3.63%
The capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is a major hub for traditional and modern industries. It has a booming gems and jewellery industry and is one of the largest exporters of gold, diamond and stone jewelery in Asia. It is also coming up as a major ITES centre, apart from handlooms, textiles, readymade garments, and carpets.
It has been ranked 31st among the 50 Emerging Global Outsourcing cities.
Jaipur’s average annual population growth rate: 3.60 per cent
Indore, the commercial capital of Madhya Pradesh, is home to hundreds of small-scale and large-scale manufacturing and industrial units in areas of automobiles, pharmaceuticals and textiles.
It is the 10th fastest growing city in India and the world’s 32nd fastest growing urban centre.
A major trading hub, it also has a rapidly growing presence in software, retail and real estate sectors.
Indore’s average annual population growth rate: 3.35 per cent
Asansol in West Bengal is one of the busiest trading centres in India.
It is the 11th fastest growing city in India and the world’s 42nd fastest growing urban centre.
It is a coal mining hub, and has a swiftly growing industrial arena.
The city boasts of a huge workforce with its per capita income being much higher than many Indian cities.
Asansol’s average annual population growth rate: 3.11 per cent
Agra, the home of the Taj Mahal, is a major centre of small-scale industries and a growing hub for hospitality.
It is the 12th fastest growing city in India and the world’s 53rd fastest growing urban centre.
It is ideal for business in small-scale industries, education centre, tourism, hospitality, biotech, textile exporting, automobile, and real estate.
Agra has some of the finest hotels and spas in India. It has Uttar Pradesh’s first plant biotech company, Harihar Biotech.
It is also an important market for the automobile industry.
Agra’s average annual population growth rate: 2.93 per cent .
It is the 17th fastest growing city in India and the world’s 74th fastest growing urban centre.
Lucknow’s average annual population growth rate: 2.72 per cent
Capital of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal has a robust industrial sector, housing hundreds of manufacturing units.
It is the 18th fastest growing city in India and the world’s 77th fastest growing urban centre.
Bhopal’s average annual population growth rate: 2.69 per cent
- Patna (legacysittu.wordpress.com)
- meandering along a country lane in Nashik (wintersong.wordpress.com)