Category Archives: Geographers

The Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldūn

The Muqaddimah , also known as the Muqaddimah of Ibn Khaldun or the Prolegomena  is a book written by Ibn Khaldun in 1377 which records an early view of universal history. Some modern thinkers view it as the first work … Continue reading

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Eratosthenes:Measurement of the Earth’s circumference

Eratosthenes of Cyrene ( c. 276 BC – c. 195 BC) was a Greek mathematician, poet, athlete, geographer and astronomer. He made several discoveries and inventions including a system of latitude and longitude. He was the first Greek to calculate … Continue reading

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Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī

Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Bīrūnī (September 15, 973 in Kath, Khwarezm – December 13, 1048 in Ghazni) was a Persian polymath scholar of the 11th century. He was a scientist and physicist, an anthropologist and psychologist, an astronomer, a … Continue reading

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Ibn Khaldun: Great Thinker and Philosopher

Ibn Khaldūn or Ibn Khaldoun (full name, Arabic: أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون ‎, Abū Zayd ‘Abdu r-Raḥman bin Muḥammad bin Khaldūn, Amazigh: Ibn Xldun) (May 27, 1332 AD/732 AH – March 19, 1406 AD/808 AH), was … Continue reading

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