List of renamed Indian cities and states

Many traditional place names were changed in India during British rule, as well as a limited number during earlier Muslim conquests. Ever since the British left India in 1947, many cities, streets, places, and buildings throughout India were changed back to their original names. Certain traditional names that have not been changed, however, continue to be popular.

States or Province

East Punjab to Punjab (change effective from 26 January 1950; state later trifurcated into modern-day Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab under the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966; Chandigarhbecomes a Union Territory and the shared capital city of Punjab and Haryana)
United Provinces to Uttar Pradesh (change effective from 26 January 1950)
Madras Presidency’s Telugu region (known as Andhra at the time or Trilingadesa or Andhra in old times) and Hyderabad state’s Telugu region (known as Naizam at the time) were combined and formed as Andhra Pradesh in 1956. Andhra Pradesh was divided in 2014 and Naizam formed as Telangana state and Andhra (with the exception of most of Bhadrachalam Constituency, Munagala enclave, etc which were part of original Andhra of Madras Presidency) is referred to as Andhra Pradesh or Navya Andhra Pradesh.
Travancore-Cochin to Kerala (change effective from 1 November 1956)
Madhya Bharat to Madhya Pradesh (change effective from 1 November 1959)
Madras State to Tamil Nadu (change effective from 14 January 1969)
Mysore to Karnataka (change effective from 1 November 1973)
Uttaranchal to Uttarakhand (change effective from 1 January 2007)
Orissa to Odisha (official as of November 2011)
Change not yet effective
West Bengal to Bangla (approved by West Bengal state legislature during September 2017 after Centre’s refusal to comply with State’s proposal of 3 different names in 3 different languages).
Union territories
Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands to Lakshadweep (change effective from 1 November 1973)
Pondicherry to Puducherry (change effective from 1 October 2006)

Andhra Pradesh
Former names of cities and towns in Andhra Pradesh at various times (Pre-Mauryan, Maurayan, Satavahana, Andhra Ikshvaku, Vishnukundina, Eastern Chalukya, Kakateeya, Reddy, etc rule) during the course of history. Andhra was mentioned as An-to-lo by Yuan Chang.

Andhra or Trilingadesa
Amarapura (during Vishnukundin times) to Amaravati
Bhavapuri to Bhaava-pattanato Bhavapatta or Bhavapattu[8] to Bapatla, known for Bhavanarayanaswami Temple (Guntur district)
Birudankaravolu or Birudankitavolu or Birudankinavolu or Birudankitapuram or Birudankinapuram to Bighole or Biccavole to Biccavolu (East Godavari district)
Dasanapura or Darsi
Devapura or Devada (Vijayanagaram district)
Dhamnakada to Dhamnakata to Dhamnakataka to Dhyanakaraor Dhaanyakapura or Dhaanyakataka (Mauryan and Satavahana times) or Dhaanyakatakamu to Dhanakataka to Dharanikota (Guntur district)
Dhandapura or Dhandaprolu or Tsandavolu  to Chandavolu to Chandolu (Guntur district)
Dhakshatapovanaor Dhakshavatikaor Dhaksharamamu to Draksharamam (East Godavari district)
Dugdhapavanapuramu or Upamanyupuramu or Kshirapuramu or Kshiraramamu or Palakota (Palathota) or Palakolanu to Palakollu (West Godavari district)
Durvasapuram to Duvva (West Godavari district)
Ekasilanagaramu or Vontimitta to Ontimitta, known for (Potana wrote Andhra Mahabhagavatam at Ontimitta Ramalayam) (Kadapa district)
Gadapa to Kadapa to Kurpah to Cuddapah (by British) to Kadapa
Garthapuri or Guntur (Guntur district)
Gonkavaram to Gokavaram, East Godavari district. Named after Gonka I, the ruler of Velanati Choda Dynasty.
Govatika to Govada
Gurajala to Gurazala (Guntur district)
Helapuri (Eastern Chalukya times) or Eluru[17] to Ellore by British to Eluru (change effective 1949)
Juvikallu to Julakallu to Zulakallu (Guntur district)
Madhavipattana or Gurindalastha to Gurijala or Gurajala to Gurazala (during British era)
Kakinandiwada to Cocanada (by British) to Kakinada
Kalidindi to Madhurantakacholanalluru (Telugu Choda times) to Kalidindi (Krishna District)
Kanakagiri to Kanigiri (now in Prakasam DIstrict, previously in Nellore District)
Kandanavrolu to Kandenavolu to Kurnool
Kandarapura or Kanteru (Guntur District)
Kantakasela or Kantikossula or Ghantasala
Karmmarashtra (during Pallava period) for Ongole town and surroundings watered by Gundlakamma river.
Kharapuri to Karyampudi (venue of the battle of Palnadu) to Karampudi or Karempudi or Caurampoody (by Europeans) to Karampudi
Kharamandalamu or Karimanal or Cholamandalam or Choramandalam to Choramandala (by the Portuguese) to Choromandel (by the Dutch) to Coromandal (by the British)
Kondapalli to Mustafanagar  (during Qutub Shahi and early Asaf Jahi times) to Kondapalli
Kondaveedu or Gopinathapuram to Murtazanagar (during Qutub Shahi and early Asaf Jahi times) to Kondaveedu
Krövachuru to Krosuru (Guntur district)
Kundinapuram (near Kondaveedu) to Ameenabad (Guntur district)
Mahadevicherla (cheruvu) or Mahadevitataka to Madevicherla to Macherla (Guntur district)
Mahendragiri or Pistapura or Pittapore to Pithapuram (East Godavari district)
Matsyapuri (Mauryan and Satavahana times) or Masolia (as known by Greek and Roman historians) or Chepalarevu (locally) or Machilipatnam or Masulipatam (by British, Dutch) or Bandar (by Qutub Shahis and Asaf Jahis) to Bandaru or Machilipatnam
Nelliooru or Nellipuram or Dhaanyapuram or Vikrama Simhapuri to Nelluru to Nellore by British
Neminadhunuru to Nedunuru (Amalapuram Taluk West Godavri District): It is an ancient Jain town. Named for Neminadha or Neminatha, the 22nd Teerthankara.
Niravadyapuramu or Niravadyaprolu (during Eastern Chalukya times) to Nidadavole to Nidadavolu
Nrusimhapuri to Narasimhapuramu to Narasapur to Narasapuramu West Godavari District
Ongole district to Prakasam district
Pallavanadu or Palanadu or Pallenadu to Palnadu (Guntur district)
Peddapalli to Petapoly by the Dutch settlers to Pettipolee or Pettipoly by British or Nizampatnam (during Asaf Jahi era) (Guntur district)
Puruhutikanagaram, Puruhutikapuram, Puruhutikapatnam, Peethikapuramu or Pistapura to Pithapuram(East Godavari district)
Penuganchiprolu or Pennegentspoel (by Europeans) (Krishna district)
Prathipalapura (Pre-Mauryan era) to Bhattiprolu (Krishna district)
Prolavaram to Polavaram, Krishna district
Prudhvipuram or Prudhilapuram or Podili
Rajamahendravaramu or Rajamahendri to Rajahmundry to Rajamahendravaramu
Rajavolu to Razole (by British) or Rajolu
Samarlakota to Samalkota (East Godavari district)
Skandapuri or Kandukuru (Prakasam district)
Srikakulamu to Chicacole or Sikkolu to Srikakulam
Sriparvata (Maurayan and Satavahana times) or Vijayapuri to Nagarujunikonda or Nagarjunakonda(Guntur District)
Tarakapuri or Tanuku (West Godavari district)
Kandarapura or Skandapura or Tambrapasthana or Tambrapa or Tambrapura or Tamrapuram or Chembrolu (capital of Ganapathideva Gaja Sahiniraya) to Chebrolu (Guntur District)
Vangalaprolu or Vangavolu to Vangolu to Ongolu to Ongole by British (Prakasam District)
Vardhamanapuramu to Vardhamanu to Vaddamanu (Guntur district)
Veligandla or Maarganaarayanapuramu  to Veligandla (now in Prakasam District, previously in Nellore District)
Vengipuram or Pedavegi (West Godavari district)
Vidarbhapuri or Gudiwada (Krishna district)
Vijayavatika (Mahabharata times) to Rajendracholapuram (Telugu Choda times) to Bejjamwada to Bezawada by British to Vijayawada
Vishnukundinapuramu (Vishnukundina times) to Vinukonda (Guntur district)
Waltair to Vizagapatam to Visakhapatnam

Assam
Nowgong to Nagaon
Gauhati to Guwahati (change effective 1983)
Sibsagar to Sivasagar

Gujarat
Viravati to Chandravati, Chandravati to Vadpatra, Vadpatra to Baroda, Baroda to Vadodara (change effective 1974)
Broach to Bharuch
Cambay to Khambhat
Bulsar to Valsad
Suryapur to Surat
Bhavena (Gohilwad) to Bhavnagar

Haryana
Gurgaon to Gurugram
Himachal Pradesh
Simla to Shimla
Mandav Nagar to Mandi

Goa
Panjim to Panaji
Sanquelim to Sankhali
Rivona to Revana

Karnataka
Bangalore to Bengaluru, the settlement was originally called Bendakalooru.
Mangalore to Mangaluru, the settlement was originally called Mangalooru.
Mysore to Mysuru, the settlement was originally called Mahishasooru.
Hubli to Hubballi, the settlement was originally called Hoobhalli
Tumkur to Tumakuru
Shimoga to Shivamogga, the settlement was originally called Shivana Mogga.
Belgaum to Belagavi
Bellary to Ballari
Gulbarga to Kalaburgi
Marcera to Madikeri, the settlement was originally called Madanayakana Keri.
Bijapur to Vijapura
Hospet to Hosapete
Chikmagalur to Chikkamagaluru.
Kerala
Trivandrum to Thiruvananthapuram (change effective from 1991)
Cochin to Kochi (change effective from 1996)
Calicut to Kozhikode
Quilon to Kollam
Trichur to Thrissur
Cannanore to Kannur
Palghat to Palakkad
Alleppey to Alappuzha (change effective from 1990)
Changanacherry to Changanassery
Alwaye to Aluva
Parur to North Paravur
Cranganore to Kodungallur
Badagara to Vatakara
Tellicherry to Thalassery
Quilandy to Koyilandy
Palai to Pala
Sultan’s Battery to Sultan Bathery
Verapoly to Varapuzha
Cherpalchery to Cherpulassery
Koney to Konni
Sherthalai to Cherthala
Madhya Pradesh
Ahilyanagari/Indur to Indore
Avantika to Ujjain
Bhelsa to Vidisha
Rassen to Raisen
Saugor to Sagar
Jubbulpore to Jabalpur
Bhopal Bairagarh to Sant Hirda Ram Nagar, Bhopal
Bellasgate to Bheraghat
Ojjain to Ujjaini
Mandu to Mandavgarh
Viratnagari to Shahdol
Mhow to Dr Ambedkar Nagar
Maharashtra
Bombay to Mumbai (renamed in 1995)
Nasik to Nashik
Khadki to Aurangabad
Poona to Pune
Thana to Thane
Bhir to Beed
Ratnapur to Latur (Lattaluru)
Mominabad to Ambajogai
Ambanagari to Amravati
Mizoram
Saiha to Siaha
Puducherry
Pondicherry to Puducherry (change effective from 1 October 2006)
Yanaon to Yanam (change effective from merger with Indian Union)

Punjab
Jullunder to Jalandhar
Ropar to Rupnagar
Mohali to SAS Nagar
Nawan Shahar to Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar

Rajasthan
Ajaymeru to Ajmer
Dhedhi Dhani to Mansanagar (District Sikar). (change effective from 27 April 2011)

Tamil Nadu
Tinnevelly to Tirunelveli
Tranquebar to Tharangambadi
Trichinopoly to Tiruchirapalli (change effective 1971)
Trinomalee to Tiruvannamalai
Madras to Chennai (change effective August 1996)
Tanjore to Thanjavur
Karuvur to Karur
Tuticorin to Thoothukudi
Cape Comorin to Kanyakumari
Ootacamund to Udagamandalam
Conjeevaram to Kanchipuram
Virudupatti to Virudhunagar
Porto Novo to Parangipettai
Mayavaram to Mayiladuthurai

Uttar Pradesh
Allygurh to Aligarh
Cawnpore to Kanpur (change effective 1948)
Banaras to Varanasi (change effective 1956)
Kanpur Dehat to Ramabai Nagar district (change effective 2010) and back to Kanpur Dehat (change effective 2012)
Prayag to Allahabad
Muzaffarnagar to Lakshminagar (change effective 1986) and back to Muzaffarnagar

West Bengal
Calcutta to Kolkata (change effective from 1 January 2001)
Burdwan to Bardhaman
Chinsurah to Chuchura

Telangana
Adlapur to Adilabad
Hyderabad to Bhagnagar or Hyderabad to Bhagyanagaram or Hyderabad
Elagandla to Karimnagar
Indur to Nizamabad
Siddapur or Metukuseema or Gulshanabad to Medak
Rukmampet or Palamoor to Mahabubnagar
Orugallu to Warangal to Ekasilanagaram (not to be confused with old Ekasilanagaram of Vontimitta) or Warangal
Bhuvanagiri to Bhongir
Kambhammettu to Khammam

Source(s):

Wikipedia

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About Rashid Faridi

I am Rashid Aziz Faridi ,Writer, Teacher and a Voracious Reader.
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