Category Archives: BIODIVERSITY

Protect corals with reef networks

The world should safeguard coral reefs with networks of small no-fishing zones to confront threats such as climate change, and shift from favoring single, big protected areas, a U.N. study showed. “People have been creating marine protected areas for decades. … Continue reading

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Penguin Populations Continue to Decline

Penguin biologists from around the world, who are gathered in Boston the week of September 6, warn that ten of the planet’s eighteen penguin species have experienced further serious population declines. The effects of climate change, overfishing, chronic oil pollution … Continue reading

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Genetic biodiversity

All forms of life on earth, whether microbes, plants, animals, or human beings, contain genes. Genetic diversity is the sum of genetic information contained in the genes of individual plants, animals, and micro-organisms. Each species is the storehouse of an … Continue reading

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Organic Farms Have Better Fruit and Soil

Side-by-side comparisons of organic and conventional strawberry farms and their fruit found the organic farms produced more flavorful and nutritious berries while leaving the soil healthier and more genetically diverse.The study is among the most comprehensive of its kind, analyzing … Continue reading

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Carnivore Species Shrank During Global Warming Event

A new University of Florida study indicates extinct carnivorous mammals shrank in size during a global warming event that occurred 55 million years ago.The study, scheduled to appear in the December print edition of the Journal of Mammalian Evolution and … Continue reading

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Deepwater Oil Plume in Gulf Degraded by Microbes, Study Shows

In the aftermath of the explosion of BP’s Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico, a dispersed oil plume was formed at a depth between 3,600 and 4,000 feet and extending some 10 miles out from the wellhead. … Continue reading

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Bananas Get Pepper Power

Despite their ubiquity in grocery stores and in cereal bowls, a number of diseases threaten bananas, and farmers often have no way to fight back. One reason is that bananas have lost their ability to produce fertile seeds, so they … Continue reading

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Mauritania plants trees to hold back desert

Mauritania has launched a tree-planting program aimed at protecting its capital from the advancing desert and coastal erosion, a project that could eventually extend thousands of kilometers across Africa. According to the government the aim of this green belt is … Continue reading

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Tanzania’s Serengeti Highway plan could destroy major carbon sink

Environmentalists are dismayed at plans by the Tanzanian government to build a major commercial highway through Serengeti National Park.The project has attracted criticism from environmental groups which fear the effects on the ecosystem could be devastating and may even result … Continue reading

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Evolution of Frogs, Rise of Himalayas and Rearrangement of Southeast Asia

The evolution of a group of muscled frogs scattered throughout Asia is telling geologists about the sequence of events that led to the rise of the Himalayas and the Tibetan plateau starting more than 55 million years ago.  Rearrangement of … Continue reading

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Trees ‘Farm’ Bacteria to Help Supply Nutrients

Some trees growing in nutrient-poor forest soil may get what they need by cultivating specific root microbes to create compounds they require. These microbes are exceptionally efficient at turning inorganic minerals into nutrients that the trees can use.New research finds … Continue reading

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Mars Rocks: Clues to Life 4 Billion Years Ago

A new article in press of the journal Earth and Planetary Science Letters unveils groundbreaking research on the hydrothermal formation of Clay-Carbonate rocks in the Nili Fossae region of Mars. The findings may provide a link to evidence of living … Continue reading

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India’s Green Revolution:Successes, Failures and Second Green Revolution

In the 1960s, there was concern from the Indian government that the country would not be able to grow enough food to support the ever increasing population, so they put into place what was called the ‘Green Revolution‘. The idea … Continue reading

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History of forests in India

There is enough evidence to show that dense forests once covered India. The changing forest composition and cover can be closely linked to the growth and change of civilizations. Over the years, as man progressed the forest began gradually depleting. … Continue reading

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Green Belts in Indian Cities

Urban green belts are considered the lungs of the cities as they act as a sink for some of the harmful gases released by vehicles and industries operating in the city area. Whether sprawling over a large area or a … Continue reading

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Fossilised cell blobs could be oldest multicellular life

Until now, the 1.9 billion year old Grypania fossils, found in Michigan, were widely seen as the first clusters of organised and communicating cells. However, the new fossils , 2.1 billion years old, from Gabon, west Africa, may replace them.The … Continue reading

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Rapid Changes for Arctic Flora and Fauna

Unique Arctic habitats for flora and fauna, including sea ice, tundra, lakes, and peatlands have been disappearing over recent decades, and some characteristic Arctic species have shown a decline. The changes in Arctic Biodiversity have global repercussions and are further … Continue reading

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UNESCO Approves 13 New Biosphere Reserves

Ethiopia and Zimbabwe have added their first biosphere reserves to the network of reserves created by the United Nations to halt the loss of biodiversity and promote sustainable development. One of the two new Ethiopian reserves protects the place of … Continue reading

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NASA Rover Finds Clue of Mars’ Environment for Life

Rocks examined by NASA’s Spirit Mars Rover hold evidence of a wet, non-acidic ancient environment that may have been favorable for life. Confirming this mineral clue took four years of analysis by several scientists. full story

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Titan: Oasis For Life

Two teams of scientists reported last week that data from NASA’s Cassini orbiter reveal unusual chemical activity on Saturn’s giant moon Titan. It’s plausible, but far from definitive, that a primitive exotic form of life on Titan’s frigid surface could … Continue reading

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Creation of ‘Synthetic Cell’ may lead to New Types of Biofuels

J. Craig Venter, the genome pioneer, has created a “synthetic cell” by synthesizing a complete bacterial genome and using it to take over a cell. Venter’s breakthrough, reported in the online edition of Science, represents a preliminary step toward the … Continue reading

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Toothy Tree-Swinger May Be Earliest Human

The new human Homo gautengensis, a toothy, plant-chomping, literal tree swinger that was just named the world’s earliest recognized species of human , described in a paper accepted for publication in HOMO-Journal of Comparative Human Biology, emerged over 2 million … Continue reading

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South Asian Nations Unite to Fight Wildlife Trafficking

Wildlife experts from seven nations across South Asia have laid the foundation for a South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network that will serve as a coordinated regional response to illegal poaching and trafficking of such species as tigers, leopards and bears. … Continue reading

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Coral and Global Warming: Diversity in Some Coral Populations May Affect Their Survival

An international team of marine biologists has found that existing diversity in some coral populations may significantly influence their response to extreme temperature disturbances — such as those predicted from climate warming. The team demonstrated that natural selection acting on … Continue reading

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Climate Change and Mountain Building affects Mammal Diversity Patterns

If you travel from the tropics to the poles,  you’ll notice that the diversity of mammals declines with distance from the equator. Move from lowland to mountains, and you’ll see diversity increase as the landscape becomes more varied. Ecologists have … Continue reading

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Neanderthals, Humans Interbred, DNA Proves

Most of us are part Neanderthal. The first draft sequence of the Neanderthal genome has provided the strongest evidence yet that modern humans and Neanderthals interbred and that all non-Africans today have Neanderthal gene fragments in their genetic codes. Click … Continue reading

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World Fails to Slow Loss of Animals, Plants

World leaders have failed to fulfill their commitments to reduce the global rate of biodiversity loss by 2010, and have instead overseen “alarming” biodiversity declines, finds the first assessment of how the targets expressed in the 2002 Convention on Biological … Continue reading

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Endangered Sea Turtles at Risk from Gulf Oil Spill

Endangered Kemp’s ridley sea turtles in the Gulf of Mexico are likely to be affected by the oil spilling from the broken Deepwater Horizon wellhead during their peak migration to nesting beaches, warn scientists and conservation workers who have invested … Continue reading

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Earthlings, you are not alone,there is Life on Mars

Earthlings, you are not alone. Scientists from Nasa have reportedly found “compelling” new evidence of life on Mars. A special mission to the Red Planet has revealed the presence of a form of pond scum — the building blocks of … Continue reading

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Animal Clean-Up After Oil Spill

When it comes to organizing efforts to rescue wildlife affected by oil spills like the one in the Gulf of Mexico that made landfall in Louisiana late Thursday, timing is everything. The first step is to search for, and collect, … Continue reading

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Soil Production of C02 May Decline As World Warms

Contradicting earlier studies showing that soil microbes will emit more carbon dioxide as global warming intensifies, new research suggests that these microbes become less efficient over time in a warmer environment and would actually emit less CO2. The research, published … Continue reading

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Bhutan’s forests to be tracked by GIS

In order to keep an accurate track of the land under forest cover, the Bhutanese Government is going to take the help of GIS .Until a few years ago Bhutan boasted of having more than 72.5 percent of its land … Continue reading

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World’s Tallest Eucalyptus Tree Found with Lidar and GIS

A true giant among trees—the tallest known hardwood in the world—was discovered and mapped using a combination of lidar and GIS, the same technologies Forestry Tasmania uses on a daily basis for managing forests in Australia’s southern island state of … Continue reading

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First ‘Modern’ Human Beings Appear in the Iberian Peninsula?

Research carried out by a group of archaeologists from the Centre for Prehistoric Archaeological Heritage Studies of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (CEPAP_UAB) at the Cova Gran site (Lleida) has contributed to stirring up scientific debate about the appearance of … Continue reading

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Coral Reefs and Sea Level

When sea level is stationary, reefs will grow laterally in a seaward direction as reef sediments accumulate. Over long periods of time reef sediments will accumulate, and the growing pile will buid up in a seaward direction. Over time, this … Continue reading

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‘Missing Link’ Fossil Was Not Human Ancestor as Claimed, Anthropologists Say

A fossil that was celebrated last year as a possible “missing link” between humans and early primates is actually a forebearer of modern-day lemurs and lorises, according to two papers by scientists at The University of Texas at Austin, Duke … Continue reading

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Bees Can Say ‘Stop’

Honeybees don’t only waggle dance to tell hive-mates the whereabouts of good eats, they also bump and beep to warn others when big trouble awaits at some of those floral diners. Bees can tell others in their colony to avoid … Continue reading

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New Initiative:Website to track endangered koalas

A Website from Australia, koaladiaries.com.au, that lets everyone from school children to senior citizens track koalas in live time has become the latest weapon in the fight to save the furry creatures from extinction.It introduces the latest GIS technology to … Continue reading

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Deep Sea Creatures Build Their Homes from Materials That Comes from the Ocean Surface

Evidence from the Challenger Deep — the deepest surveyed point in the world’s oceans — suggests that tiny single-celled creatures called foraminifera living at extreme depths of more than ten kilometres build their homes using material that sinks down from … Continue reading

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Saturn’s moon ‘may contain life’

Scientists at NASA have claimed that Saturn’s moon Enceladus “may contain life”, after they discovered new evidence suggesting presence of “liquid water” beneath its surface.According to the scientists, the Cassini spacecraft flew through icy plumes created by ice volcanoes on … Continue reading

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Tajikistan using GIS for better potato varieties

Potato material from the International Potato Center (CIP) is helping farmers to enhance food and income security in Central and Southwest Asia in the face of climate change. A three-year CIP project is boosting potato production with varieties that have … Continue reading

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Antarctic as World Park

Antarctica constitutes a large polar desert, characterized by year round below zero temperatures, scarce precipitations and strong winds. The continent is around 14 million km2, of which less than 2% is ice-free. The ice sheet rises to over 4000 meters … Continue reading

Posted in BIODIVERSITY, climate change, earth, Ecosystem | 5 Comments

Indonesia is one of the world’s richest areas of biodiversity

Incorporating 17,000 tropical islands, Indonesia is one of the world’s richest areas of biodiversity.According to the Jakarta Post, over half of this biodiversity remains unrecorded with only 20 of the more than 400 regencies in the country recording species. Indonesia … Continue reading

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Urban ‘Green’ Spaces May Contribute to Global Warming

Dispelling the notion that urban “green” spaces help counteract greenhouse gas emissions, new research has found — in Southern California at least — that total emissions would be lower if lawns did not exist. Lawns look great — they’re nice … Continue reading

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Ecuador’s Yasuni National Park is One of Most Biodiverse Places on Earth

A team of scientists has documented that Yasuní National Park, in the core of the Ecuadorian Amazon, shatters world records for a wide array of plant and animal groups, from amphibians to trees to insects.A single hectare of forest in … Continue reading

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Evolutionary Surprise: Eight Percent of Human Genetic Material Comes from a Virus

The study, and an accompanying News & Views article by University of Texas at Arlington biology professor Cédric Feschotte, is published in the journal Nature.The research showed that the genomes of humans and other mammals contain DNA derived from the … Continue reading

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