From wetlands to coral reefs, the Earth’s diverse ecosystems support and regulate many of the planet’s most critical natural processes. They also contribute important cultural, social, and economic benefits to human communities. These contributions, known more broadly as “ecosystem services,” are estimated to be worth trillions of dollars per year.
- Nutrient cycling and soil formation.
- Rain making
- Regulating climate and air quality
- Provisioning goods
- Sustaining culture