Daily Archives: April 26, 2008

Global Warming: Definitions,Causes,Trends, Effects and Climate Change

Definition of Global Warming: Gradual increase in the earth’s surface temperature. Popular usage definition: Warming caused by human activity. Technical term for this: Anthropogenic global warming. Definition of Greenhouse Gas: A gas, like CO2, which traps the sun’s heat.The debate: … Continue reading

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Acid rain: One of the most important environmental problems

The term acid rain refers to what scientists call acid deposition.  It is caused by airborne acidic pollutants and has highly destructive results. Scientists first discovered acid rain in 1852, when the English chemist Robert Agnus invented the term.  From … Continue reading

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Geological Time Scale

Historical records only go back a few thousand years, and are inadequate to treat most geological processes. To understand the timing of geological processes we need to look at the geological rock record. This includes erosion, mountain building and other … Continue reading

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Coral Reefs are the “Rainforests” of the ocean

Coral Reefs Coral Reefs are the “Rainforests” of the ocean. Reefs are ecologically important ecosystems and have a high biodiversity that serves as a storage bank of rich genetic resources. They are a source of food and medicine, and they … Continue reading

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Structure and composition of the Earth

What makes Earth unique? Soon after the Earth formed, unique processes occurred – division into metallic core, silicate mantle and crust – which, along with surface water, made it different from the other planets in our Solar System. The formation … Continue reading

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Magmatic processes and igneous intrusions

Igneous intrusions Magma What is magma? Properties of magmas Chemical composition What is magma? Magma is hot molten mobile rock. Igneous rocks form when magma cools and solidifies. Magmas come out of active volcanoes as lavas. The most abundant magma … Continue reading

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